Alexander Pushkin

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Alexander Pushkin
A.S.Pushkin.jpg
Alexander Pushkin bi Vasily Tropinin
Born Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin
6 Juin 1799(1799-06-06)
Moscow, Roushie Empire
Died 10 Februar 1837(1837-02-10) (agit 37)
Saunt Petersburg, Roushie Empire
Occupation Poet, novelist, playwright
Leid Roushie, French
Nationality Roushie
Alma mater Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum
Period Gowden Age o Roushie Poetry
Genres Novel, novel in verse, poem, drama, short story, fairytale
Leeterary movement Romanticism, pre-realism
Notable wirk(s) Eugene Onegin, The Caiptain's Dochter, Boris Godunov, Ruslan an Ludmila
Spoose(s) Natalia Pushkina (1831–1837)
Childer Maria, Alexander, Grigory, Natalia
Relative(s) Sergei Lvovich Pushkin, Nadezhda Ossipovna Gannibal

Signatur

Alexander Sergeyevich Pushkin (Roushie: Алекса́ндр Серге́евич Пу́шкин, tr. Aleksandr Sergeyevich Pushkin; IPA: [ɐlʲɪˈksandr sʲɪˈrɡʲejɪvʲɪt͡ɕ ˈpuʂkʲɪn] ( listen); 6 June [O.S. 26 May] 1799 – 10 February [O.S. 29 January] 1837) wis a Roushie author o the Romantic era[1] who is considered bi mony tae be the greatest Roushie poet[2][3][4][5] an the foonder o modren Roushie leeteratur.[6][7]

Pushkin wis born into Roushie nobility in Moscow. His great-grandfaither frae his mither's side – Abram Gannibal – wis brocht ower as a slave frae Africae an haed risen tae become an aristocrat.[8] Pushkin published his first poem at the age o fifteen, an wis widely recognisit bi the leeterar establishment bi the time o his graduation frae the Tsarskoye Selo Lyceum.

While unner the strict surveillance o the Tsar's poleetical polis an unable tae publish, Pushkin wrote his maist famous play, the drama Boris Godunov. His novel in verse, Eugene Onegin, wis serialisit atween 1825 an 1832.

Notoriously touchy aboot his honour, Pushkin focht as mony as twinty-nine duels, an wis fatally woondit in such an encounter wi Georges-Charles de Heeckeren d'Anthès. D'Anthès, a French officer servin wi the Chevalier Gaird Regiment, haed been attemptin tae seduce the poet's wife, Natalya Pushkina.

Works[eedit | eedit soorce]

Narrative poems[eedit | eedit soorce]

Verse novel[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • 1823–31 – Yevgeny Onegin (Евгений Онегин); Inglis translation: Eugene Onegin

Drama[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • 1825 – Boris Godunov (Борис Годунов)
  • 1830 – Malenkie tragedii (Маленькие трагедии); Scots translation: The Wee Tragedies
    • Kamenny gost (Каменный гость); Scots translation: The Stone Guest
    • Motsart i Salyeri (Моцарт и Сальери); Scots translation: Mozart an Salieri
    • Skupoy rytsar (Скупой рыцарь); Scots translations: The Miserly Knicht, The Covetous Knicht
    • Pir vo vremya chumy (Пир во время чумы); Scots translation: A Feast in Time o Plague

Prose[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • 1828 – Arap Petra Velikogo (Арап Петра Великого); Scots translation: Peter the Great's Negro, unfeenished novel
  • 1831 – Povesti pokoynogo Ivana Petrovicha Belkina (Повести покойного Ивана Петровича Белкина); Scots translation: The Tales o the Late Ivan Petrovich Belkin
    • Vystrel (Выстрел); Scots translation: The Shot, short story
    • Metel (Метель); Scots translation: The Blizzard, short story
    • Grobovschik (Гробовщик); Scots translation: The Undertaker, short story
    • Stanzionny smotritel (Станционный смотритель); Scots translation: The Stationmaster, short story
    • Baryshnya-krestyanka (Барышня-крестьянка); Scots translation: The Squire's Dochter, short story
  • 1834 – Pikovaya dama (Пиковая дама); Scots translation: The Queen o Spades, short story
  • 1834 – Kirdzhali (Кирджали), short story
  • 1834 – Istoriya Pugacheva (История Пугачева); Scots translation: A History o Pugachev, study of the Pugachev's Rebellion
  • 1836 – Kapitanskaya dochka (Капитанская дочка); Scots translation: The Caiptain's Dochter, novel
  • 1836 – Puteshestvie v Arzrum (Путешествие в Арзрум); Scots translation: A Journey tae Arzrum, travel sketches
  • 1836 – Roslavlev (Рославлев), unfeenished novel
  • 1837 – Istoriya sela Goryuhina (История села Горюхина); Scots translation: The Story o the Veelage o Goryukhino, unfeenished short story
  • 1837 – Yegipetskie nochi (Египетские ночи); Scots translation: Egyptian Nichts, unfeenished short story
  • 1841 – Dubrovsky (Дубровский), unfeenished novel

Fairy tales in verse[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Basker, Michael. Pushkin and Romanticism. In Ferber, Michael, ed., A Companion to European Romanticism. Oxford: Blackwell, 2005.
  2. Short biography from University of Virginia, retrieved on 24 November 2006.
  3. Allan Reid, "Russia's Greatest Poet/Scoundrel", retrieved on 2 September 2006.
  4. "Pushkin fever sweeps Russia". BBC News, 5 June 1999, Retrieved 1 September 2006.
  5. "Biographer wins rich book price". BBC News, 10 June 2003, Retrieved 1 September 2006.
  6. Biography of Pushkin at the Russian Literary Institute "Pushkin House". Retrieved 1 September 2006.
  7. Maxim Gorky, "Pushkin, An Appraisal". Retrieved 1 September 2006.
  8. Troyat, Henri (1957). "Pushkin's Ethiopian Ancestry". Ethiopia Observer 6. 

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]