Al-Sukhnah

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al-Sukhnah
السخنة
Toun
al-Sukhnah is located in Syria
al-Sukhnah
al-Sukhnah
Location in Sirie
Coordinates: 34°53′12.5″N 38°52′19.5″E / 34.886806°N 38.872083°E / 34.886806; 38.872083
Kintra  Sirie
Govrenorate Homs Governorate
Destrict Tadmur Destrict
Nahiyah Al-Sukhnah
Elevation 1,512 ft (460 m)
Population (2004)
 • Total 16,173

Al-Sukhnah (Arabic: السخنة‎, translation: "the Hot [Springs]") is a toun in eastren Sirie unner the admeenistration o the Homs Govrenorate, locatit atween Tadmur an ar-Raqqah. Al-Sukhnah haed a population o 16,173 in 2004.[1] Its inhabitants are predominantly Sunni Muslims.[2] Al-Sukhnah haes attractit hunders o residents frae nearbi villages in the past century.[3] an is currently a processin centre for natural gas.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 634, follaein the captur o Arak bi the Rashidun Airmy o Khalid ibn Walid, al-Sukhnah peacefully receivit the Muslim force upon hearin the generous surrender terms negotiatit for Arak.[4]

In 1225, al-Sukhnah wis describit bi Arab geografer Yaqut al-Hamawi as "a sma toun in the Sirie Desert, lyin atween Tadmur an 'Urd and Arak. Beside its spring are palm trees. It is on the road o ane goin tae Damascus frae ar-Raqqah, an you come tae it afore reachin Arak." In the mid-14t century, Ibn Batuta wrote that al-Sukhnah wis "a pretty toun", wi a maistly Christian population. He notit that the al-Sukhnah receivit its name frae the heat o its watter, an that thare wur bathhooses in the toun.[5]

Throuoot the 17t an 18t centuries, al-Sukhnah servit as an important trade center in the Sirie Desert amang the inhabitants o nearbi veelages an various Bedouin tribes. Bi the mid-19t-century, housomeivver, its role decreased wi the rise o Deir ez-Zor. In the 20t-century till the present day, Sukhnah continues tae function as a tradin center atween its residents an the tribes in its vicinity, such as the 'Umur and the Sba'a.[3]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The residents o Sukhnah wur linkit tae the different tribes in the region throu various hierarchical economic tees. They paid the levy on the their grain harvest tae the Sba'a, who in return protectit their trade. They consigned their sheep flocks tae the 'Umur an the Hadidiyin an aw. Tae aw these tribes, al-Sukhnah's residents suppleed grain, cloth, clothin, an various hoosehauld items an fuidstuffs, while purchasin frae thaim pastoral products for resale tae Sirie's lairge ceeties.[3] Today, al-Sukhnah has become a minor industrial centre for natural gas.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. General Census of Population and Housing 2004. Sirie Central Bureau o Statistics (CBS). Homs Govrenorate. (Arabic)
  2. Smith, 1841, p. 174.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 Mundy and Musallam, 2000, pp.126-129.
  4. Akram, 1970, pp. 321-322.
  5. le Strange, 1890, p.539.
  6. Gibb, 1996, p. 231.

Bibliografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Template:Homs Govrenorate