Afula

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Afula
Ebreu transcription(s)
 • Ebreu עֲפוּלָה
 • ISO 259 ʕapula
Arabic transcription(s)
 • Arabic العفولة
Arlosoroff Boulevard

Municipal seal o Afula
Afula is located in Israel
Afula
Afula
Coordinates: 32°36′22.56″N 35°17′17.11″E / 32.6062667°N 35.2880861°E / 32.6062667; 35.2880861
Destrict North
Foondit 1925
Government
 • Type Ceety
 • Heid o Municipality Avraham Elkabetz
Area
 • Total 26,909 dunams (26.909 km2 or 10.390 sq mi)
Population (2009)[1]
 • Total 40,500

Afula (Ebreu: עֲפוּלָה‎‎; Arabic: العفولة‎, al-ʻAfūlaḧ) is a ceety in the Northren Destrict o Israel, aften kent as the "Capital o the Valley", referrin tae the Jezreel Valley. The ceety haed a population o 40,500 at the end o 2009.[1]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Locatit in the lawer Galilee region, Afula is roughly haufway atween Jenin an Nazareth. It lies on the site o the Israelite veelage ofOfel, the hametoun o the Biblical figure Gideon. It is mentioned in the Beuks o Keengs (2 Keengs 5, 24) in connection wi Elisha an the disciple o Elijah, who lived in the vicinity.

Ceety Auditorium an Airt Gallery

The tent century Sultan Saladin foondit an Arab veelage named al-Fulah on the site. In 1799, durin Napoleon's Syrian campaign, the Battle o Munt Tabor wis fought aroond al-Fulah.

In 1909 or 1910, Yehoshua Hankin completit his first major purchase in the Jezreel Valley. He bought some 10,000 dunams (10 km²) o land in Al-Fuleh (now Afula), which became the hame o Merhavia an Tel Adashim. This purchase also marked the start of bitter disputes atween Arabs an Jews ower the richts o tenant fermers who haed been evictit, an regardin the employment o Jewish or Arab watchmen for the land.

The modren community o Afula wis foondit in 1925 bi the American Zionist Commonwealth, efter the completion o the purchase o the valley frae the Sursuk family o Beirut. The nearbi Arab veelage o Al-Fulah wis disbandit bi the turn o the century. At the time, the community wis served bi the Jezreel Valley railroad, which wis abandoned durin the War o Unthirldom.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]