Ulster

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Ulster's airt in Ireland

Ulster (Erse: Ulaidh) is ane o the fower stewartries o Ireland, alang wi Leinster, Munster an Connacht. Ulster haes 9 coonties, sax in Northren Ireland as pairt o the Unitit Kinrick an three in the Republic o Ireland. Houaniver, Ulster is aften uised (wrangweys) as a synonym for Northren Ireland.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ulster is cried efter the Ulaid, early fowk o the area. The O'Neill clan war the maist pouerfu in the province in the early medieval period. Than the Normans cam and makkit an Earldom o Ulster. This collapsit in the 15t century an Ulster becam the anerly province not controllit bi Ingland. Houaniver, efter the Nine Years Weir, it was conquered bi Ingland and this led tae Ingland plauntin Ulster wi mair leal subjects.

The plauntin o Ulster led to a rebellion bi Catholics, this war atween the releegious groups endit in the province bein occupee'd bi Cromwell's airmy.

The provincial banner o Ulster

Than in 1688 war begoud again in the Williamite War, wi Catholics uphaudin James an Protestants uphaudin William o Orange. The Jacobites haed owerins ower the hail o Ireland but Derry an Enniskillen, an defeats thare led tae the conquest o the lave o Ireland bi the Williamites.

In the 19t century, Ulster becam the maist prosperous stewartry in Ireland. The releegious divide becam a poleetical divide an aw, atween Protestant Unionists, an Catholic Naitionalists. This divide cam aboot ower Hame Rule. Unionists wis agin this an naitionalists upheld it. Durin the Erse Weir o Unthirldom, thare wis a lock street fechtin atween Catholics an Protestants in Belfast. Whan Ireland becam unthirlt, Northren Ireland, sax coonties o Ulster, chuist tae bide in the Unitit Kinrick.

Ulster wis affectit bi the Tribbles, wi mony fowk deid. This wis fechtin again between naitionalists an unionists and the Breetish Airmy.

Nouadays votin in the sax coonties o Nothren Ireland tends tae be o releegious raisons, again aboot naitionalism an unionism. Houaniver in the Republic o Ireland's coonties this is less prevalent.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ulster haes a population o aboot 2 million fowk, wi aboot a hauf million folk bidin in Belfast, the mucklest ceety o the province. Aboot half o the tot population o Ulster bide in Coonties Antrim an Doun.

Leids[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist fowk speaks Inglis. The seicont muckle maist leid is Erse with Gaeltacht areas in the stewartry. Scots is spoken athort Nothren Ireland an in the east o Coonty Donegal, by members o the Ulster Scots community.

The mucklest immigrant language o the province is Cantonese, endue tae the muckle Cheenae community o Belfast.

Releegion[eedit | eedit soorce]

The stewartry, by the wey o the tot o the 2001 UK and the 2002 Irish censuses is 49% Catholic an 48% Protestant. Fowk wi nae releegion mak up the lave.

Ye can aye see tae[eedit | eedit soorce]