The Shard

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The Shard
London 01 2013 the Shard London Bridge 5205.JPG
The Shard in Januar 2013
General information
Status Complete
Location 32 Joiner street, Southwark
Lunnon, Ingland
Coordinates 51°30′16″N 0°05′11″W / 51.5045°N 0.0865°W / 51.5045; -0.0865Coordinates: 51°30′16″N 0°05′11″W / 51.5045°N 0.0865°W / 51.5045; -0.0865
Construction stairtit Mairch 2009
Completed Julie 2012 (opened Februar 2013)[1]
Cost ~£435 million (contract cost anly)[2]
Height
Antenna spire 306 m (1,004 ft)[3]
Ruif 304.1 m (998 ft)[4]
Technical details
Fluir coont 87 (includin plant fluirs)
72 (habitable)
Fluir aurie 110,000 m2 (1,200,000 sq ft)
Lifts/elevators 44[5]
Design an construction
Airchitect Renzo Piano
Developer Sellar Property Group
Structural ingineer EC Harris (project managers), WSP Cantor Seinuk (structural ingineers), Robert Bird Group (concrete temporary wirks), Ischebeck Titan on maist fluirs 40+ (concrete support)
Services ingineer Arup
Main contractor Mace
References
[3][6]

The Shard,[lower-alpha 1] an aa referred tae as the Shard o Glass,[7][8] Shard London Bridge[9] an umwhile London Bridge Tower,[10][11][12] is an 87-storey skyscraper in Lunnon that forms pairt o the London Bridge Quarter development. The Shard's construction began in Mairch 2009; it wis topped oot on 30 Mairch 2012[13] an inaugurated on 5 Julie 2012.[14] Practical completion wis achieved in November 2012.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The biggin's operators offeecially stylise its name as The Shard, wi the word "the" capitalised.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "The Shard Opens Viewing Deck To Visitors". Sky News. 2 February 2013. Retrieved 2 February 2013. 
  2. "The Shard, London: Cost of Europe's Tallest Building". TheRichest.org. 15 July 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "The Shard – The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  4. Piano, Renzo (2013). The Shard: London Bridge Tower (in English and Italian). Matador. p. 74. ISBN 978-88-6264-006-0. 
  5. The Shard: The Official Guidebook. Thames & Hudson (2013). p.22. ISBN: 9780500342848.
  6. The Shard at Emporis. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  7. Bar-Hillel, Mira (24 February 2009). "£28bn Shard of Glass to start its ascent". London Evening Standard. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 
  8. "Work starts on Shard of Glass". New Civil Engineer. 2 April 2009. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 
  9. "London Bridge Tower, London". Designbuild-network.com. 15 June 2011. Retrieved 6 July 2012. 
  10. Weaver, Matt (15 April 2003). "Battle begins for London Bridge Tower". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 6 February 2013. 
  11. "Shard funding crisis: Tower finances cast shadow over project". World Architecture News. 10 September 2007. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 
  12. "Why do tall buildings have such silly names?". BBC News. 26 November 2010. Retrieved 27 November 2010. 
  13. "Shard Tops Out". Skyscrapernews.com. 30 March 2012. Retrieved 2 April 2012. 
  14. "Shards of light cut through the sky above London in dress rehearsal for opening ceremony of Europe's tallest building". Daily Mail. 4 July 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2013.