Türkmenbaşy, Turkmenistan

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Turkmenbaşy
Türkmenbaşy
Türkmenbaşy
Turkmenbaşy is located in Turkmenistan
Turkmenbaşy
Turkmenbaşy
Location in Turkmenistan
Coordinates: 40°01′00″N 52°58′00″E / 40.01667°N 52.96667°E / 40.01667; 52.96667
Kintra Banner o Turkmenistan Turkmenistan
Province Balkan
Population
 • Total 73,803 (2,010)
Area code(s) 993 243 XXXXX

Türkmenbaşy (an aa spelled Turkmenbashi), umwhile kent as Krasnovodsk (Roushie: Красноводск‎) an mair properly Kyzyl-Su, is a ceety in Balkan Province in Turkmenistan, on the Krasnovodsk Gulf o the Caspian Sea. It is locatit at latitude 40.0231 North; longitude 52.9697 East, at an altitude o 27 meters. The population (est 2004) wis 86,800, maistly ethnic Roushies an Azeris. As the terminus o the Trans-Caspian Railway, it wis an important transportation center.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 1717, Roushie Prince Alexander Bekovich-Cherkassky landit an established a secret fortifee'd settlement on this location, whaur the dry bed o a umwhile mooth o the Amu-Darya River ance emptied intae the Caspian Sea. His intent wis tae mairch an airmy up this dry riverbed an conquer the Khanate o Khiva. The expedition failed, an the Roushies abandoned the settlement for ower 150 years.

Hotel "Serdar" in the Avaza tourist zone

In 1869, the Roushies made a seicont an latest attempt. They named their fort Krasnovodsk (Красноводск), which is the Roushie version o the oreeginal name, Kyzyl-Su (Red Water). Krasnovodsk wis Imperial Roushie's base o operations against Khiva an Bukhara, an the nomadic Turkmen tribes. It fell tae the Red Airmy in Februar 1920.

In 1993, Krasnovodsk wis renamed bi Preses for Life Saparmurat Niyazov, efter his sel-proclaimed title Türkmenbaşy ("Leader o aw Turkmen"). Niyazov's successor Gurbanguly Berdimuhamedow pledged, in Julie 2007, tae invest ane billion dollars intae a project slatit tae turn Türkmenbaşy intae a major tourist resort – the center o the Avaza Tourist Zone wi 60 modren hotels tae be built alang a 16 km stretch o the Caspian Sea shoreline.[1][2]

Economy an transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Caspian Sea at the Port of Türkmenbaşy

Türkmenbaşy is Turkmenistan's anerlie port an sea link tae the Wast. A ferry service connects Türkmenbaşy tae Baku, Azerbaijan. It is the wastren terminus o the Trans-Caspian railway, which connects the ceety tae Turkmenistan's caipital Ashgabat an points further east. The ceety is an aa connectit tae Ashgabat bi bus an bi Turkmenistan Airlines.

Wastren Turkmenistan haes major petroleum an natural gas reserves, an Turkmenistan's lairgest ile refinery is in Türkmenbaşy.

Sichts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Sturgeon at a mercat in Türkmenbaşy
  • Museum o Regional History
  • Gate tae umwhile Krasnovodsk fort
  • Beaches
  • Khazar Nature Reserve
  • Natural History Museum

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 40°01′N 52°58′E / 40.017°N 52.967°E / 40.017; 52.967Template:Ceeties o Turkmenistan