Science is a wey tae find oot things. Whiles the wird "science" is uised for tae refer tae the knawledge that is fund uisin the methods o science.
The wird science is frae the Laitin wird scio, that means "tae ken".
Fowk that daes science is cried scientists. Scientists study things bi leukin at them awfu tentily, bi meisurin them, an bi daein experiments an tests. Scientists tries tae explain why things acts the wey they dae, an is the wey they are.
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The "scientific method" is the name gien tae the methods uised in science for tae lairn things. The scientific method can be awfu uisefu.
The main featurs o the scientific method is:
- The scientific method is a "trial an error" method.
- The scientific method lippens on data.
- The product o the scientific process is something cried a "theory".
Ither featurs o science
Aw theories is anerly acceptit sae lang as they are the best explanation for the data that exeests. Whan theories nae langer explain the data, they are discardit an replaced.
Scientists compete wi ilk ither. Scientists checka ilk ither's wark. Scientists tries tae mak better explanations for the data.
Science is a wey for tae learn aboot things bi discardin whit isna true.
Scientists maun be gey canny tae mak explanations that fits weel wi whit they observe an meisur. They compete tae fend better explanations. An explanation micht be interestin or pleasin, but if it daesn gree wi whit ither scientists really sees an meisurs, they will try tae find a better explanation.
Ither scientists checks their ideas for tae see if the real observations, meisurments, an tests shaws if they are richt or wrang. Peer review an repeatin experiments is the ae wey tae be shuir the knawledge is richt.
Science maks models o naitur, models o oor universe, an medicine. There's mony sindry sciences wi their ain names. Houaniver it isna richt tae say "science says" ony ae thing. Science is a process, no juist the facts an rules believed at ae time.
Some types o science