Rosetta (spacecraft)

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Rosetta
Rosetta probe
Computer model o Rosetta
Mission type Comet orbiter/lander
Operator European Space Agency
COSPAR ID 2004-006A
SATCAT № 28169
Wabsteid www.esa.int/rosetta
Mission duration 10 years, 7 months and 23 days elapsed
Spacecraft properties
Manufacturer Astrium
Launch mass Orbiter: 2,900 kg (6,400 lb)
Lander: 100 kg (220 lb)
Dry mass Orbiter: 1,230 kg (2,710 lb)
Payload mass Orbiter: 165 kg (364 lb)
Lander: 27 kg (60 lb)
Dimensions 2.8 × 2.1 × 2 m (9.2 × 6.9 × 6.6 ft)
Pouer 850 watts at 3.4 AU[1]
Start of mission
Launch date 2 March 2004, 07:17 (2004-03-02UTC07:17Z) UTC
Rocket Ariane 5G+ V-158
Launch steid Kourou ELA-3
Contractor Arianespace
Flyby o Mars
Closest approach 25 February 2007
Distance 250 km (160 mi)
Flyby o 2867 Šteins
Closest approach 5 September 2008, 20:38 UTC
Distance 800 km (500 mi)
Flyby o 21 Lutetia
Closest approach 10 July 2010, 16:10 UTC
Distance 3,162 km (1,965 mi)
67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko orbiter
Orbital insertion 06 August 2014, 09:06 UTC[2]
Orbit parameters
Periapsis 200 km (120 mi) planned
Transponders
Band S band (law gain antenna)
X band (heich gain antenna)
Bandwidth 7.8 bit/s (S Band)
22 kbit/s (X Band)[3]
Instruments
ALICE: Ultraviolet Imaging Spectrometer
CONSERT: COmet Nucleus Sounding Experiment by Radio wave Transmission
COSIMA: COmetary Secondary Ion Mass Spectrometer
GIADA: Grain Impact Analyser and Dust Accumulator
MIDAS: Micro-Imaging Dust Analysis System
MIRO: Microwave Spectrometer for the Rosetta Orbiter
OSIRIS: Optical, Spectroscopic, and InfraRed Remote Imaging System
ROSINA: Rosetta Orbiter Spectrometer for Ion and Neutral Analysis
RPC Rosetta Plasma Consortium
RSI: Radio Science Investigation
VIRTIS: Visible and Infrared Thermal Imaging Spectrometer

Rosetta is a robotic space probe biggit an launched bi the European Space Agency tae perform a detailed study o comet 67P/Churyumov–Gerasimenko.[4][5]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Rosetta at a glance – technical data and timeline". DLR. Archived from the original on 8 January 2014. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  2. "Rosetta timeline: countdown to comet arrival". European Space Agency. 5 August 2014. Retrieved 6 August 2014. 
  3. "No. 2 – Activating Rosetta". European Space Agency. 8 March 2004. Retrieved 8 January 2014. 
  4. Agle, DC; Brown, Dwayne; Bauer, Markus (30 June 2014). "Rosetta's Comet Target 'Releases' Plentiful Water". NASA. Retrieved 30 June 2014. 
  5. Chang, Kenneth (5 August 2014). "Rosetta Spacecraft Set for Unprecedented Close Study of a Comet". New York Times. Retrieved 5 August 2014.