Oakham

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Coordinates: 52°40′14″N 0°44′00″W / 52.6705°N 0.7333°W / 52.6705; -0.7333

Oakham
Oakham is located in the United Kingdom
Oakham
Oakham

 Oakham shown within the Unitit kinrick
Population 9,975 (2001 Census)
OS grid reference SK857088
Unitary authority Rutland
Ceremonial coonty Rutland
Region
Kintra Ingland
Sovereign state Unitit Kinrick
Post toun OAKHAM
Postcode destrict LE15
Diallin code 01572
Polis
Fire
Ambulance
EU Pairlament East Midlands
UK Pairlament Rutland an Melton
Leet o places
UK
Ingland

Oakham is the coonty toun o Rutland, Ingland. It lies 17.4 miles (28.0 km) east frae Leicester, an haes a total resident population o 9,975.[1]

Oakham, which haes ceevil parish status, lees tae the wast o Rutland Water, ane o the lairgest man-made lakes in Europe. It is in the Vale o Catmose an the toun itsel is built on an incline, an varies frae 99m abuin sea level (Ladywell aurie) tae 122m abuin sea level (Brooke Schuil aurie). It is twinned wi Barmstedt, Germany, an Dodgeville, Wisconsin, U.S.A..

Govrenance[eedit | eedit soorce]

Local govrenance for Oakham is providit for bi the single-tier unitary Rutland Coonty Cooncil Destrict Cooncil, o which Oakham is the heidquarters.

Lyin athin the historic coonty bundaries o Rutland frae a vera early time, frae 1974 til 1997, Oakham lay athin the non-metropolitan coonty o Leicestershire.

Oakham, alang wi Melton Mowbray in Leicestershire, an the rest o Rutland, haes syne 1992 been representit at Wastmeenster bi the Conservative Member o Parliament Alan Duncan.

Landmarks[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tourist attractions in Oakham include Aw Saunts Kirk an Oakham Castle. Anither popular an historic featur is the open-air mercat held in the toun's mercat square ivery Wadensday an Seturday (near the auncient octagonal Buttercross wi its pyramidal ruif an wooden stocks, a grade I leetit biggin).[2]

Aw Saunts Kirk[eedit | eedit soorce]

The impressive spire o Oakham parish kirk, built durin the 14t century, dominates distant views o the toun for several miles in aw directions. Restored in 1857 tae 1858 bi Sir George Gilbert Scott, the kirk is a grade I leetit biggin.

Oakham Castle[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Oakham Castle
The great haw o Oakham Castle, wi the spire o Aw Saunts kirk ayont

Anerlie the great haw o the Norman castle is still staundin, an is surroondit bi steep earthwirks markin the inner bailey. The haw dates frae c. 1180—90 an accordin tae Nikolaus Pevsner (in his The Buildings of England: Leicestershire and Rutland):

"It is the earliest hall of any English castle surviving so completely, and it is doubly interesting in that it belonged not to a castle strictly speaking, but rather to a fortified manor house."

The biggin is attractively ornamentit wi Romanesque airchitectural details, includin sax carvins o muisickers. It is a grade I leetit biggin.[3]

The haw wis in uise as an Assize court till 1970 an is still occasionally uised as a Coroner's court or Croun Court. It is an aa licensed for weddins.

The ooter bailey o the castle, still surroondit bi law earthwirks, lies tae the north o the castle. Kent as Cutts Close, it is nou a pairk wi a baundstaund, skatebuird aurie, flouerbeds an childer's play aurie. Some deep hollaes in the pairk are the remnants o the castle's dreed-up stew ponds (fishponds).[4]

A Castle class corvette named HMS Oakham Castle wis launched in Julie 1944.[5]

Oakham's horseshoes[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ceremonial horseshoes in Oakham Castle

Traditionally, members o royalty an peers o the realm who visitit or passed through the toun haed tae pay a forfeit in the form o a horseshoe. This unique custom haes been enforced for ower 500 years, but nouadays it anerlie happens on special occasions (such as Ryal visits), when an ootsize ceremonial horseshoe, specially made an decoratit, is hung in the great haw o the castle. There are nou ower 200 o these commemorative shoes on its waws. No aw are datit an some o the earliest (which wad doubtless hae been ordinary horseshoes given athoot ceremony bi exasperated noblemen) mey no hae survived. The earliest datable ane is an ootsize example commemoratin a visit bi Keeng Edward IV in aboot 1470. The horseshoes hang upside-doun: while this is generally held tae be unlucky, in Rutland this wis thought tae stop the Devil frae sittin in the hollae. The upside-doun horseshoe motif appears in the county council's arms (see to the right), and on the local Ruddles beer labels. Recent horseshoes commemorate visits by HRH The Princess Royal (1999), HRH The Prince o Wales (2003) an HRH Princess Alexandra, The Hon Lady Ogilvy (2005).[4]

Rutland Coonty Museum[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main article: Rutland Coonty Museum

The museum is locatit in the auld Riding Schuil o the Rutland Fencible Cavalry which wis built in 1794-95.[6] The museum hooses a collection o objects relatin tae local rural an agricultural life, social history an airchaeology.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Oakham railway station providin guid links tae Peterborough, Leicester, Birmingham an Stansted Airport.

The Birmingham to Peterborough railway line runs through the toun, providin links ae Birmingham, Leicester, Peterborough an Cambridge. Oakham railway station is positioned approximately haufwa atween Peterborough railway station an Leicester railway station, at baith o which passengers can board a train tae London - either frae Leicester tae London St Pancras or frae Peterborough tae London King's Cross. There are an aa twa direct services tae London St Pancras (ane early fore-nuin an ane fore-nicht), an ane fore-nicht return service frae Lunnon St Pancras, each weekday.

There are guid road links tae:

The main route for travellers tae Leicester bi road is first sooth tae Uppingham an then wastward alang the A47.

Oakham is on the A606 road atween Melton Mowbray an Stamford. On 10 Januar 2007, the A606 bypass opened divertin traffic frae the toun centre.

The Oakham Canal connectit the toun tae the Melton Mowbray Navigation, the River Soar an the naitional waterweys seestem atween 1802 an 1847.

Education[eedit | eedit soorce]

Oakham Buttercross, wi some biggins o Oakham Schuil ayont

The toun is hame tae Oakham Schuil, ane o the major Inglis public schuils which wis foondit, thegither wi Uppingham Schuil, in 1584. The oreeginal schuil biggin survives, northeast o the kirk; athort its sooth front is the inscription Schola Latina – Graeca – Hebraica A° 1584 an abuin its door is a stane wi an inscription in Laitin, Greek an Ebreu.

Oakham Schuil is an aa the current awner o Oakham's umwhile workhouse. Built in 1836-7 by Oakham Poor Law Union, it served as a wirkhoose for 167 inmates, till it became Catmose Vale Hospital. It nou accommodates twa "day" (non-buirdin) Schuil Hooses for girls.

The Catmose College, foondit in 1920, is a specialist visual airts college. Rutland College, umwhile Rutland Sixth Form College, lees on the ootskirts o the toun.

Sports an recreation[eedit | eedit soorce]

Oakham Rugby Fitbaa Club play at the Rutland Showground.

An aa, Oakham Imps Football clubs trains on the Oakham Schuil astroturf adjacent tae the railwey an play their matches at the Catmose College fitbaa pitches

Street map[eedit | eedit soorce]

OpenStreetMap o Oakham


Gallery[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Neighbourhood Statistics
  2. "Market Cross". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-10-01. 
  3. "Oakham "Castle"". Images of England. Retrieved 2006-10-01. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 "Oakham Castle". Rutland On Line. Retrieved 2007-02-20. 
  5. "Castle Class Corvettes". Battleships-Cruisers. Retrieved 2007-02-20. 
  6. http://www.rutland.gov.uk/museum

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

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