Nokhur

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Central Mosque in Kone-Gummez village, Nohur aurie.

Nokhur (also Nohur) is a settlement locatit in Turkmenistan.[1]. The aurie is kent for sacred places connectit tae the Persie legend o the Peri, maist notably the Gyz-bibi cave.[2] Accordin tae the Turkmenistan govrenment wabsteid, the oreegin o the name o Nohur is disputit, wi some locals believin it derived frae Noah (mony places in the region carry Biblical names) an some frae the Peri themselves, as "no" an "hur" translate "nine peri".[2] The sma an relatively untouched village o Nohur rests in an unmarkt valley o the Kopet Dag Muntains, which make up the border o Iran an soothren Turkmenistan. The fowk o Nohur dress an act conservatively, an their traditions hae been able tae survive Turkmenistan’s modernization acause o the remoteness o their village. Nohurli consider themselves as descendents frae Alexander the Great.[3]

Leid[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nohur is an' a' a dialect o the Turkmen leid.[4]

Territorial division[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nohur aurie is primarily consist o Upper Nohur (Garawul an Kone-Gummez veelages) an Lower Nohur (Auld Nohur veelage).

Upper Nohur haes Farmers’ Association “Yenish” which includes twa veelages. The project aurie totals 15,5 thoosan hectares. The population o the twa veelages makes up 8,7 thoosan indwallers that stands for 12,3 % o rural population o Baharly etrap (destrict), Ahal velayat (province), Turkmenistan.


Environmental challenges[eedit | eedit soorce]

A view frae Kone-Gummez veelage ower Hohur-Garawul aurie

Durin 1990-2005 the pastures experience owergrazin that exceeds the norm 3-4 times acause cattle breedin haes been transformed intae local fowk main source o income. This haes resultit in the degradation o muntain pastures an the extinction o valuable forage species an medicinal plants.

Forest vegetation is hivily degradit as a consequence o cuttin wood for fuel an construction needs. Soil erosion, hivy mud flows an the formation o ravines hae led tae the reduction o cultivable auries an as soil fertility.

Watter scarcity is an' a' a vera important problem o this region, due tae low precipitation. Tradeetionally veelagers gather the run-aff frae muntain slopes an gorges in specially built reservoirs cawed howdans. In favourable years the howdans store sufficient watter tae irrigate the fields durin ane saison. But durin 2000-2005 the howdans wur left unfilled due tae insufficient precipitations.[5]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Muhammedkuli Atabayev[eedit | eedit soorce]

Monument o Muhammetkuli Atabayev, ane o the first enlighterners o Turkmenistan, Hohur village

(1888–1916)

Muhammedkuli Atabayev (1888–1916) - ane o the first Enlighteners o Turkmenistan in the beginnin o 20t century. He graduatit frae the Turkistan Teachers Seminarium in Tashkent. Atabayev is famous for developin a so-cawed Audio Teachin method (thegither wi Artykgul Tekinskaya) that helpt tae teach illiterate tae read an write juist in 2 years.[6]

Artykgul Tekinskaya[eedit | eedit soorce]

An aa kent as Tatyana Mihaylovna (1878–1926) - ane o the first Enlighteners o Turkmenistan in the beginnin o 20t century. She graduatit frae Moscow Elizavetian Institute.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Ahmed, Akbar S.; David M. Hart (1984). Islam in Tribal Societies: From the Atlas to the Indus. Routledge. p. 234. ISBN 0710093209. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 Nokhur tourism.sport.gov.tm.
  3. http://www.abandonthecube.com/blog/nohur-the-last-call-to-prayer/ Nohur: The Last Call to Prayer by 'Abandon the Cube Travel Journal'
  4. Abazov, Rafis (2005). Historical Dictionary of Turkmenistan. Scarecrow Press. p. 159. ISBN 0810853620. 
  5. United National Development Programme in Turkmenistan. Project on 'Capacity Building and On-The-Ground Investments for Sustainable Land Management in Turkmenistan'.
  6. Encyclopedae of Turkmen Soviet Socialst Republic, 1984, pages 298 and 301. Publisher: Encyclopedae of Turkmen Soviet Encyclopedae, chaired by N.B. Atamamedov, Editor-in-Chief Office of Turkmen Soviet Encyclopedae.
  7. ibid

Coordinates: 38°29′N 57°01′E / 38.483°N 57.017°E / 38.483; 57.017