Munt Athos

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  • Autonomous Monastic State o the Holy Muntain
    Αὐτόνομη Μοναστικὴ Πολιτεία Ἁγίου Ὄρους
    (Aftonomi Monastiki Politia Agiou Orous)

  • Holy Muntain
    Ἅγιον Ὄρος
    (Agion Oros)

  • Munt Athos
A map o Greece wi Munt Athos shown in red
Location an extent o Munt Athos (red) in Greece.
Caipital Karyesa
Demonym
  • Athonite (Αθωνίτης)
  • Agiorite (Αγιορείτης)
Government
 -  Ceevil Govrenor Aristos Kasmiroglou
 -  Protos (Elder Monk) Faither Paul
Autonomy
 -  Constitutional reaffirmation
 
Aurie
 -  Total 335.63 km2
129.59 sq mi 
Population
 -  2011 census 1,811
 -  Densitie 5.40/km2
14.0/sq mi
Currency Euro (€)
a. Location o the primary kirk (the Protaton) for the Athonite admeenistration[2] an the seat o the Protos (elder monk) since 911.
Peak o Munt Athos
Mount Athos by cod gabriel 06.jpg
Elevation 2,030 m (6,660 ft)
Prominence 2,012 m (6,601 ft)
Leetin Ultra
Location
Munt Athos is located in Greece
Mount Athos
Mount Athos
Location o Munt Athos in Greece.
Location Greece
Coordinates 40°09′26″N 24°19′35″E / 40.15722°N 24.32639°E / 40.15722; 24.32639Coordinates: 40°09′26″N 24°19′35″E / 40.15722°N 24.32639°E / 40.15722; 24.32639
UNESCO Warld Heritage Steid
Mount Athos
Name as inscribed on the World Heritage List
Athos 1.jpg
Kintra Greece
Type Mixed
Criterie i, ii, iv, v, vi, vii
Reference 454
UNESCO region Europe an North Americae
Inscription history
Inscription 1988 (12t Session)

Munt Athos (/ˈæθɒs/; Greek: Όρος Άθως, Óros Áthos [ˈoros ˈaθos]) is a muntain an peninsula in Greece. A Warld Heritage Steid an autonomous polity in the Hellenic Republic, Athos is hame tae 20 stavropegial Eastren Orthodox monasteries unner the direct jurisdiction o the patriairch o Constantinople. The day Greeks commonly refer tae Munt Athos as the "Holy Muntain" (Greek: Άγιον Όρος, Agion Oros [ˈaʝon ˈoros]). In Classical times, while the muntain wis cried Athos, the peninsula wis cried Akté (Ἀκτὴ) (sometimes Acte or Akte).

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

The peninsula, the eastmaist "leg" o the lairger Chalkidiki peninsula, protrudes 50 kilometres (31 mi)[3] intae the Aegean Sea at a width o atween 7 and 12 kilometres (4.3 and 7.5 mi) an covers a aurie o 335.6 square kilometres (129.58 sq mi). The actual Munt Athos haes steep, densely forestit slopes reachin up tae 2,033 metres (6,670 ft). The surroondin seas, especially at the end o the peninsula, can be dangerous. In auncient Greek history twa fleet disasters in the aurie are recorded: In 492 BC Darius, the keeng o Persie, lost 300 ships unner general Mardonius (Herodotus "Histories" beuk VI (Erato), Aeschylus "The Persians"). In 411 BC the Spartans lost a fleet o 50 ships unner admiral Epicleas. (Diodorus Siculus, "Bibliotheca historica" XIII 41, 1–3).

Tho laund-linkit, Munt Athos is practically accessible anerlie bi ferry. The Agios Panteleimon an Axion Estin travel daily (wather permittin) atween Ouranoupoli an Dafni, wi stops at some monasteries on the wastren coast. Thare is a smawer speed boat an aw, the Agia Anna, which travels the same route, but wi nae intermediate stops. It is possible tae travel bi ferry tae an frae Ierissos for direct access tae monasteries alang the eastren coast.

Access[eedit | eedit soorce]

The nummer o daily visitors tae Munt Athos is restrictit, an aw are required tae obtain a special entrance permit valid for a limitit period. Anerlie males are permittit tae visit the territory, which is called "Garden o the Virgin" bi the monks,[4] wi Orthodox Christians takkin precedence in permit issuance procedures. Residents on the island must be males agit 18 an ower who are members o the Eastren Orthodox Kirk, an must be either monks or wirkers.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Σύνταγμα της Ελληνικής Δημοκρατίας". www.hellenicparliament.gr. 1927. Retrieved 23 April 2011. 
  2. "The Protaton church at Karyes". Macedonian-heritage.gr. Retrieved 2011-06-01. 
  3. Robert Draper, 'Mount Athos', National Geographic Magazine, December 2009
  4. Athonite monasticism at the dawn of the third millennium, Pravmir Portal, September 2007

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Mount Athos at Wikimedie Commons