Joseon

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Kinrick o Joseon
대조선국 (大朝鮮國)[1]
조선왕조 (朝鮮王朝)

1392–1897
Ryal staundart Ryal emblem
Territory o Joseon efter Jurchen conquest o Keeng Sejong
Caipital Hanseong
Leid(s) Korean
Releegion Neo-Confucianism (state releegion)
Korean Buddhism
Government Monarchy
Keeng
 − 1392–1398 Taejo (first)
 − 1418–1450 Sejong the Great
 − 1776–1800 Jeongjo
 − 1863–1907 Gojong 1
Prime Meenister
 − 1431–1449 Hwang Hui
 − 1466–1472 Han Myeonghoe
 − 1592–1598 Ryu Seongryong
 − 1793–1801 Chae Jegong
Historical era Early Modren Period
 - Coup o 1388 Mey 20, 1388
 - Coronation o Taejo Julie 17, 1392
 - Promulgation o the Korean alphabet October 9, 1446
 - Seven-Year War 1592–1598
 - Manchu invasions 1636–1637
 - Treaty o Ganghwa Februar 27, 1876
 - Elevation tae empire October 12, 1897
Population
 − 1753 [2] est. est. 18,960,000 
Siller Mun, Yang
The day pairt o  Sooth Korea
 North Korea
1Became Emperor o Korea in 1897

Joseon (Korean: 조선; Hanja: 朝鮮; also Chosŏn, Choson, Chosun, Cho-sen), wis a Korean state foondit bi Taejo Yi Seong-gye that lastit for approximately five centuries, frae Julie 1392 tae October 1897. It wis foondit follaein the eftermath o the owerthrow o the Goryeo Dynasty in what is the day the ceety o Kaesong. Early on, Korea wis retitled an the caipital wis relocatit tae modren-day Seoul. The kinrick's northrenmaist borders wur expandit tae the naitural boondaries at the Amnok and Duman rivers through the subjugation o the Jurchens. Joseon wis the last dynasty o Korean history an the langest-rulin Confucian dynasty.

Durin its reign, Joseon consolidated its effective rule ower the territory o current Korea, encouraged the entrenchment o Korean Confucian ideals an doctrines in Korean society, importit an adaptit Cheenese cultur, an saw the hicht o classical Korean cultur, trade, science, literatur, an technology. However, the dynasty wis severely weakened durin the late 16t an early 17t centuries, when invasions bi the neighborin states o Japan an Qing nearly owerran the peninsula, leadin tae an increasinly harsh isolationist policy for which the kintra acame kent as the Hermit Kinrick. Efter the end o invasions frae Manchurie, Joseon experienced a nearly 200-year period o peace.

However, whatever pouer the kinrick recovered durin its isolation further waned as the 18t century came tae a close, an faced wi internal strife, pouer struggles, internaitional pressur an rebellions at home, the Joseon Dynasty declined rapidly in the late 19t century.

The Joseon period haes left a substantial legacy tae modren Korea; much o modren Korean etiquette, cultural norms, societal attitudes taewards current issues, an the modren Korean leid an its dialects derive frae the cultur an tradeetions o Joseon.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Lee, Jun-gyu (이준규) (2009-07-22). "(세상사는 이야기) 왜색에 물든 우리 말-(10)" (in Korean). Newstown. "1392년부터 1910년까지 한반도 전역을 통치하였던 조선(朝鮮)은 일반적으로 조선 왕조(朝鮮王朝)라 칭하였으며, 어보(御寶), 국서(國書) 등에도 대조선국(大朝鮮國)이라는 명칭을 사용하였었다. (translation) Joseon which had ruled from 1392 to 1910 was commonly referred to as "Joseon Dynasty" while "Kingdom of Joseon" was used in the Royal Seal, national documents and others." 
  2. 아틀라스 한국사 편찬위원회 (2004). 아틀라스한국사. 사계절. p. 108. ISBN 89-5828-032-8. 

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