Grace Hopper

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Grace Murray Hopper
Hopper in Januar 1984
Elk-name "Amazing Grace"
Born December 9, 1906(1906-12-09)
New York Ceety, New York, U.S.
Dee'd Januar 1, 1992(1992-01-01) (agit 85)
Arlington, Virginia, U.S.
Place o burial Arlington Naitional Cemetery
Allegiance  Unitit States o Americae
Service/branch  Unitit States Navy
Years o service 1943–1966, 1967–1971, 1972–1986
Rank US-O7 insignia.svg Rear Admiral (lawer hauf)
Awairds Defense Distinguished Service ribbon.svg Defense Distinguished Service Medal
Legion of Merit ribbon.svg Legion o Merit
Meritorious Service ribbon.svg Meritorious Service Medal
American Campaign Medal ribbon.svg American Campaign Medal
World War II Victory Medal ribbon.svg Warld War II Victory Medal
National Defense Service Medal ribbon.svg Naitional Defense Service Medal
Armed Forces Reserve Medal wi twa Oorglass Devices
Naval Reserve Medal ribbon.svg Naval Reserve Medal

Grace Murray Hopper (December 9, 1906 – Januar 1, 1992) wis an American computer scientist an Unitit States Navy Rear Admiral. A pioneer in the field, she wis ane o the first programmers o the Harvard Mark I computer, an developed the first compiler for a computer programmin leid.[1][2][3][4][5] She conceptualized the idea o machine-independent programmin leids, which led tae the development o COBOL, ane o the first modren programmin leids. She is credited wi popularizing the term "debuggin" for fixin computer glitches (inspired bi an actual moch removed frae the computer). Owin tae the breadth o her accomplishments an her naval rank, she is sometimes referred tae as "Amazing Grace".[6][7] The U.S. Navy destroyer USS Hopper (DDG-70) is named for her, as wis the Cray XE6 "Hopper" supercomputer at NERSC.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Richard L. Wexelblat, ed. (1981). History of Programming Languages. New York: Academic Press. ISBN 0-12-745040-8. 
  2. Donald D. Spencer (1985). Computers and Information Processing. C.E. Merrill Publishing Co. ISBN 978-0-675-20290-9. 
  3. Phillip A. Laplante (2001). Dictionary of computer science, engineering, and technology. CRC Press. ISBN 978-0-8493-2691-2. 
  4. Bryan H. Bunch, Alexander Hellemans (1993). The Timetables of Technology: A Chronology of the Most Important People and Events in the History of Technology. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-671-76918-5. 
  5. Bernhelm Booss-Bavnbek, Jens Høyrup (2003). Mathematics and War. Birkhäuser Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7643-1634-1. 
  6. "Cyber Heroes of the past: "Amazing Grace" Hopper". Retrieved December 12, 2012. 
  7. "Grace Murray Hopper". Retrieved December 12, 2012.