Emblem o Malaysie
The Naitional Emblem an Coat o Airms o Malaysie (Jata Negara in Malay) is a coat o airms comprisin a shield or escutcheon, twa tigers for supporters, a crescent an fowerteen point starn for a crest an a motto). As the Malaysian emblem descendit frae the coat o airms o the Federatit Malay States unner British colonial rule, the current emblem o the Malaysian state resembles European heraldic practices.
Table o contents
The Naitional Emblem o Malaysie consists o a shield guarded by two supporters as rampant tigers. The shield is topped bi a crest consistin o a yellow crescent wi a 14-pointit "federal starn", an includes a motto, depictit as a banner, at the bottom.
Crest or helm (crescent an federal starn)
The yellow colour o the crest, a crescent an a 14-pointit federal star, seembolises the kintra's monarchy. The crescent an aa represents Islam as the offeecial releegion while the federal starn represents the thirteen states an the Federal Territories o Malaysie.
Oreeginally, the fowerteen-pointit starn representit the oreeginal fowerteen states o Malaysie, which includit Singapore. It wis no chyanged when Singapore left the federation, but it haes generally been acceptit that the 14t point represents the Federal Territories.
The upper portion or chief o the shield contains five krises on a red backgrund, representin the five umwhile Unfederatit Malay States, Johore, Terengganu, Kelantan, Kedah an Perlis. The remainder o the shield, which in the coat o airms o Malaya wis dividit in three per pale (longitudinally) atween the umwhile Federatit Malay States, Penang an Malacca, is nou dividit intae fower sections:
- In the dexter (left frae the observer's point o view) section is the Pinang palm alang wi the Penang Bridge representin Penang
- In the upper middle o the shield, belaw the row o krises, are the colours o the Federatit Malay States (red, black, white an yellow) arranged frae left tae riht. The permutations of the colours red, black, white an yellow make up the colors o these states' banners. Red, black an yellow are for Negeri Sembilan; black an white for Pahang; black, white an yellow for Perak; an red an yellow for Selangor.
- In the lawer middle o the shield, there are three sections umwhile representin the new (in 1963) states o Sabah, Singapore an Sarawak. Syne 1965, Singapore's section haes been replaced bi a depiction o the naitional flouer, the hibiscus.
- In the sinister (richt frae the observer's point o view) section is the "Malacca" tree representin Malacca
The twa rampant tigers supportin the shield are traditional Malay seembols. They are retained frae the earlier armorial ensign o the Federation o Malaya, an prior tae that o the Federatit Malay States. They seembolise strength an courage.
The motto o the airms, locatit belaw the shield, consists of a banner with the phrase "Unity is Strength" (Bersekutu Bertambah Mutu) written in both romanized Malay an Jawi. The oreeginal Inglis phrase wis replaced bi romanised Malay some time efter unthirldom.