Eisenerz

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Eisenerz ("Iron ore") is a mercat place an auld minin toun in Styrie, Austrick, 68 mi (109 km). N.W. o Graz bi rail. Pop. (2001) 6,400. It is situatit in the deep Erzbach Valley, dominatit on the east bi the Pfaffenstein (6140 ft), on the wast bi the Kaiserschild (6830 ft), an on the sooth bi the Erzberg (5030 ft). It haes an interestin example o a medieval fortifeed kirk, a Gothic edifice foondit bi Rudolph o Habsburg in the 13t century an rebuilt in the 16t.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

At the turn o the past century the Erzberg (Ore Muntain) furnished such rich ore that it wis quarried in the open air like stane, in the simmer months. There is documentary evidence o the mines haein been wirked as far back as the 12t century. They affordit employment tae twa or three thoosan haunds in simmer an aboot hauf as mony in winter, an yieldit some 800,000 tons o iron per annum.

Durin World War II, a subcamp o Mauthausen concentration camp wis locatit here. It providit slave labour for local industry.[1] Eisenerz wis connectit wi the mines bi the Erzberg railway, a bauld piece o ingineerin wirk, fowerteen miles (21 km) lang, constructit on the Abt's rack-an-pinion seestem. It passed through some bonnie scenery, an descends tae Vordernberg, an important center o the iron trade situatit on the sooth side o the Erzberg. Eisenerz possesses, in addition, twinty-five furnaces, which produce iron, an pairticularly steel, o exceptional excellence. The day the Erzberg is hame tae motocross races.

A few miles tae the N.W. o Eisenerz lies the castle o Leopoldstein, an near it the bonnie Leopoldsteiner Lake. This lake, wi its daurk-green water, situatit at an altitude o 2028 ft., an surroondit on aw sides bi heich peaks, is no big an haes a depth o 100 ft (30 m).

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The independent record label Napalm Records is based in this toun.

Demographic evolution[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • 1928 6.945
  • 1939 12.395
  • 1944 18.419
  • 1948 11.103
  • 1956 12.679
  • 1992 7.965
  • 2000 6.750
  • 2005 5.839
  • 2007 5.566

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Christine O'Keefe.Concentration Camps.wwwtartanplace.com/tartanhistory/concentrationcamps.html