Columbia River

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Coordinates: 46°14′39″N 124°3′29″W / 46.24417°N 124.05806°W / 46.24417; -124.05806
Columbia River
Bonneville Dam, in the Columbia River Gorge
Name origin: Captain Robert Gray's ship, Columbia Rediviva
Nickname: Big River, the River o the Wast, River Oregon[1]
Kintras Unitit States, Canadae
States Washington, Oregon
Province Breetish Columbie
Tributaries
 - left Spillimacheen River, Beaver River, Illecillewaet River, Incomappleux River, Kootenay River, Pend Oreille River, Spokane River, Snake River, John Day River, Deschutes River, Willamette River
 - right Kicking Horse River, Blaeberry River, Canoe River, Kettle River, Sanpoil River, Okanogan River, Wenatchee River, Yakima River, Lewis River, Kalama River, Cowlitz River
Cities Revelstoke, BC, Tri-Cities, WA, Portland, OR, Vancouver, WA, Longview, WA, Astoria, OR
Source Columbia Lake
 - location Breetish Columbie, Canadae
 - elevation 2,690 ft (820 m) [2]
 - coordinates 50°13′N 115°51′W / 50.217°N 115.850°W / 50.217; -115.850 [3]
Mouth Pacific Ocean, at Clatsop County, Oregon / Pacific County, Washington
 - elevation 0 ft (0 m)
 - coordinates 46°14′39″N 124°3′29″W / 46.24417°N 124.05806°W / 46.24417; -124.05806 [4]
Length 1,243 mi (2,000 km) [5]
Basin 258,000 sq mi (668,000 km2)
Discharge for mouth (average); max and min at The Dalles, Oregon, 188.9 miles (304.0 km) from the mouth
 - average 265,000 cu ft/s (7,500 m3/s) [6][7][8]
 - max 1,240,000 cu ft/s (35,100 m3/s)
 - min 12,100 cu ft/s (300 m3/s)
Columbia River drainage basin
Wikimedia Commons: Columbia River

The Columbia River is the lairgest river in the Pacific Northwest region o North Americae.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Holbrook, Stewart (1956). The Columbia. San Francisco: Comstock Editions. ISBN 978-0-89174-051-3. 
  2. Marsh, James (1999). "Columbia River". The Canadian Encyclopedia. Historica Foundation. Retrieved 2008-04-01. 
  3. "Columbia Lake". Canadian Geographical Names Data Base. Natural Resources Canada. 2008. Retrieved 2008-04-01. 
  4. "Columbia River". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 1980-11-28. Retrieved 2008-04-01. 
  5. "The Columbia River". Columbia River Keeper. 2013. Retrieved 2013-12-05. 
  6. Kammerer, J. C. (May 1990). "Largest Rivers in the United States". United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-04-01. 
  7. Kimbrough, R. A.; Ruppert, G. P.; Wiggins, W. D.; Smith, R. R.; Kresch, D. L. (2006). "Water Data Report WA-05-1: Klickitat and White Salmon River Basins and the Columbia River from Kennewick to Bonneville Dam" (PDF). Water Resources Data-Washington Water Year 2005. United States Geological Survey. Retrieved 2008-04-01. 
  8. Identical data in: Loy, William G.; Stuart Allan; Aileen R. Buckley; James E. Meecham (2001). Atlas of Oregon. University of Oregon Press. pp. 164–65. ISBN 0-87114-102-7.