Chimborazo (volcano)

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Chimborazo
Volcán Chimborazo, "El Taita Chimborazo".jpg
The summit of Chimborazo, the point on the Earth's surface that is farthest from the Earth's center.[1]
Elevation 6,268 m (20,564 ft)[note 1]
Prominence 4,123 m (13,527 ft)[3]
Ranit 17t
Leetin Kinta heich pynt
Ultra
Location
Chimborazo (volcano) is located in Ecuador
Chimborazo
Chimborazo
Ecuador
Range Andes, Cordillera Occidental
Coordinates 01°28′09″S 78°49′03″W / 1.46917°S 78.81750°W / -1.46917; -78.81750Coordinates: 01°28′09″S 78°49′03″W / 1.46917°S 78.81750°W / -1.46917; -78.81750
Topo cairt IGM, CT-ÑIV-C1[4]
Geology
Type Stratovolcano
Age o rock Paleogene[5]
Last eruption 550 AD ± 150 years[6]
Climbing
Easiest route Glacier/snaw climb PD

Chimborazo (Spainyie pronunciation: [tʃimboˈɾaso]) is a currently inactive stratovolcano locatit in the Cordillera Occidental range o the Andes. Its last kent eruption is believed tae hae occurred aroond 550 AD.[6]

Wi a peak elevation o 6,268 metres (20,564 ft), Chimborazo is the heichest muntain in Ecuador. It is the heichest peak in close proximity tae the equator. While Chimborazo is nae the heichest muntain bi elevation above sea level, its location alang the equatorial bulge maks its summit the farthest pynt on the Yird's surface frae the Yird's center.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The elevation given here wis established bi a differential GPS survey in 1993; see World Mountaineering in the references. The survey wis carried oot bi a team o 10 personnel frae the Schuil o Militar Survey in Newbury, Unitit Kinrick, wirkin in cooperation wi the Ecuadorian Instituto Geografico Militar. Accuracy o ±2 m is claimed.[2] This figure is compatible wi SRTM data an a mair recent GPS measurment, unlik an aulder but still frequently given figure o 6,310 metres (20,702 ft).

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Reaching Earth´s Closest Point to the Sun
  2. "Ecuador, Chimborazo/Cotopaxi (copy)". Mountain INFO (High Magazine) (136). March 1994. Retrieved 2008-08-18. 
  3. "Ecuador" Ultras page. Peaklist.org. Retrieved 2012-11-06.
  4. "Chimborazo Ecuador, CT-ÑIV-C1". IGM (Instituto Geografico Militar, Ecuador). 1991. Retrieved 2008-01-26. 
  5. Gomez, Nelson (1994). Atlas del Ecuador. Editorial Ediguias. ISBN 9978-89-009-2. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Chimborazo". Global Volcanism Program, Smithsonian Institution. http://www.volcano.si.edu/world/volcano.cfm?vnum=1502-071. Retrieved 2009-01-01.