Bulawayo is the seicont lairgest ceety in Zimbabwe, efter the caipital Harare, wi a population in 2009 o 1,500,000. It is locatit in Matabeleland, 439 km sooth-wast o Harare, an is nou treatit as a separate provincial aurie frae Matabeleland. The caipital o Matabeleland North is nou Lupane, as Bulawayo is a stand-alane province.
Bulawayo is an aa kent as the 'Ceety o Keengs', 'Skies', 'Bluez', 'Bulliesberg' or 'KoNtuthu ziyathunqa' – a SiNdebele wird for 'a place of smoky fires'. It is a multicultural ceety wi maist residents able tae speak at least three leids (includin Inglis, Ndebele, Kalanga, Sotho, Nambya, Tonga an Venda). The majority o the population o Bulawayo belang tae the Ndebele ethnic an leid group, who descend frae a 19t century Zulu migration an are a minority in Zimbabwe.
Bulawayo haes lang been and is still regardit as the seicont business caipital o Zimbabwe efter Harare an is hame tae the Naitional Railways o Zimbabwe acause o its strategic position near Botswana an Sooth Africae. It is the nearest lairge ceety tae Hwange National Park, Matopo National Park an Victoria Falls.
The name Bulawayo comes frae the Sindebele wird KoBulawayo meanin 'a place whaur they are killed.' It is thought that at the time o the formation o the ceety, there wis a ceevil war an a group o Ndebeles no aligned tae Prince Lobengula wur fechtin him as they felt he wis no the heir tae the throne, hence he gave his caipital the name 'whaur he (the prince) is being killed'. Some historians differ on this matter, describin Bulawayo as 'at the place o He who Kills' or 'place o slaughter'.
The name Bulawayo is imported frae Nguniland which is a place ance occupied bi the Khumalo fowk. The place still exists an it is next tae Richards Bay.