Banner o Cuba
The banner o Cuba wis adoptit on Mey 20, 1902, containin a field wi three blue stripes an twa white stripes, an a red equilateral triangle at the hoist wi a white 5-pointit starn. The banner o Cuba wis designed in 1848 for the liberation movement, which sought unthrildom frae Spain. The banner wis briefly hoistit in 1850 at Cardenas but wis no offeecially adoptit till 1902, when unthrildom wis grantit bi the Unitit States.
The Cuban flag was created by Narciso Lopez, Miguel Teurbe Tolón , José Aniceto Iznaga Borrell, his nephew José Maria Sánchez Iznaga, Cirilo Villaverde y Juan Manuel Macías, an swore tae fecht tae the daith for Cuban Unthrildom frae Spain- "Historia de la isla de Cuba " - Page 77 by Carlos Márquez Sterling, Manuel Márquez Sterling - History - 1975 - 392 pages. The Cuban banner's oreegins date frae Juin 1849, when various movements tae liberate Cuba frae Spainyie rule emerged, mainly amang Cuban exiles in the Unitit States. Anti-Spainyie Cuban exiles unner the leadership o Narciso López adoptit a banner suggestit bi the poet Miguel Teurbe Tolón. His design incorporates three blue stripes, representin the three pairts that the kintra wis dividit durin the unthrildom wars, central, occidental, an oriental auries o the kintra, an twa white stripes seembolizin the purity o the patriotic cause. The red triangle (triangle o masonic significance) staunds for the blood shed tae free the naition, which is placed whaur the starn is, seembolizin the sky turned red frae the blood shed in battle. The white starn in the triangle staunds for unthrildom. López carried this banner in battle at Cárdenas (1850) an Playitas (1851). Although Lopez wis no victorious, this wis the first instance o the banner being raised in Cuba.
At the first unthrildom war, the Ten Years' War, there wis anither banner in uise, the "banner o Yara" an aa cried "banner o La Demajagua"; while the ane wi the triangle an the stripes became the offeecial Cuban banner, the Yara ane is hoistit "wherever the legislators o the Cuban fowk meet"; in particular it is displayed, alang wi the naitional banner, in the Naitional Assembly.
In April 1869, Narciso Lopez's flag was designated the national banner bi the Congress o the Republic o Cuba in Airms. Lopez's banner wis the model for the banner o Puerto Rico adoptit in 1892 bi the Puerto Rican Revolutionary Committee, a pro-unthrildom group that wirked unner the auspices o Cuban Revolutionary Pairty.
Efter the Unitit States seized Cuba frae Spain durin the Spainyie-American War, the Starns an Stripes flew frae Januar 1, 1899, till unthrildom wis grantit. On Mey 20, 1902, the Cuban naitional banner wis hoistit as a seembol o unthrildom an sovereignty. It haes been uised iver syne, remainin unchynged efter the Cuban Revolution o 1959. Durin the revolution, Cuban preses Fidel Castro's 26t o Julie Movement creatit a pairty banner equally dividit in red an black, uisually in horizontal stripes an aften wi inscriptions, which is aften flown on public buildings.
Symbolism in the Cuban flag 
The Cuban government's current, official version of the meaning of the Cuban flag states that the blue stripes refer to the three old divisions of the island; and the two white stripes represent the strength of the independent ideal. The red triangle symbolizes equality, fraternity and freedom, as well as the blood shed in the island's struggle for independence. Finally, the white star is meant to symbolize freedom.
The flag of Cuba also influenced the design of the Estelada flag of the Catalan independentism movement; the numerous Catalan residents in Cuba during the independence process added a blue triangle with a white star to the national flag to design a battle flag for the independence movement in Catalonia.
- Joan Crexell i Playà, L'origen de la bandera independentista, Edicions El Llamp, 1984.
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