Artaxerxes I o Persie

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Artaxerxes I
Keeng o Keengs o Persie
Artaxerxes I, frae his Tomb at Naqsh-e Rustam.
Reign 465 tae 424 BC
Born ??
Dee'd 424 BC
Buriet Naqsh-e Rustam, Persie
Predecessor Xerxes I
Successor Xerxes II
Consort Queen Damaspia
Alogyne o Babylon
Cosmartidene o Babylon
Andia o Babylon
Ryal Hoose Achaemenid
Faither Xerxes I
Mither Amestris

Artaxerxes I /ˌɑrtəˈzɜrksz/ (Persian: اردشیر یکم; Auld Persie: 𐎠𐎼𐎫𐎧𐏁𐏂𐎠 Artaxšaça,[1] "whose rule (xšaça < *xšaϑram) is through arta (truth)";[2] Greek: Ἀρταξέρξης[3]) wis the fift Keeng o Keengs o Persie frae 465 BC tae 424 BC. He wis the son o Xerxes I o Persie an Amestris, dauchter o Otanes.

He mey hae been the "Artasyrus" mentioned bi Herodotus as bein a Satrap o the ryal satrapy o Bactrie.

In Greek soorces he is an aa surnamed μακρόχειρ Macrocheir (Laitin: Longimanus), allegedly acause his richt haund wis langer nor his left.[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Ghias Abadi, R. M. (2004). Achaemenid Inscriptions (کتیبه‌های هخامنشی)‎ (in Persian) (2nd edition ed.). Tehran: Shiraz Navid Publications. p. 129. ISBN 964-358-015-6. 
  2. R. Schmitt. of Iran "ARTAXERXES". Encyclopædia Iranica. 15 December 1986. Retrieved 12 March 2012.
  3. The Greek furm o the name is influenced bi Xerxes (Encyclopedia Iranica).
  4. Plutarch, Artaxerxes, l. 1. c. 1. 11:129 - cited by Ussher, Annals, para. 1179