Anglesey

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Isle o Anglesey
Ynys Môn
Isle of Anglesey UK location map.svg
Geography
Aurie
- Total
- % Watter
Ranked 9t
714 km² (276 sq mi)
0.7%
Admeen HQ Llangefni
Lairgest toun Holyhead
ISO 3166-2 GB-AGY
ONS code 00NA
Demographics
Population:
- Total (2010 est.)
- Densitie
 
Ranked 20th
68,600
Ranked 17th
96 / km² (251/sq mi)
Ethnicity 98.1% White
Welsh leid
- Ony skills
Ranked 2nt
70.4%
Politics
Isle o Anglesey Coonty Cooncil
http://www.anglesey.gov.uk
Control Commissioners
Member o Parliament
Assembly Members
MEPs Wales

Anglesey /ˈæŋɡəlsi/ (Welsh: Ynys Môn Inglis: Isle of Anglesey) [ˈənɨs ˈmoːn], is an island an, as Isle o Anglesey, a coonty aff the north west coast o Wales. Twa brigs, spannin the Menai Strait, connect it tae the mainland: the oreeginal Menai Suspension Bridge (carryin the A5), designed bi Thomas Telford in 1826; an the mair recently rebuilt Britannia Bridge (replacin the oreeginal designed bi Robert Stephenson), which carries the A55 an the North Wales Coast Railway Line. Historian an author John Davies argues that it wis durin the tumultuous 10t century that the Norse name for Môn, Anglesey, came intae existence; the name wis later adoptit intae Inglis efter Anglo-Norman occupeers arrivit tae conquer the island durin the Norman invasions o Gwynedd.[1][2]

The name Anglesey wis later uised in the Inglis leid as a coonty name which includit Holy Island an ither nearbi sma islands. Aboot hauf o the inhabitants can speak, read an write Welsh as well as Inglis, an 70% hae a knowledge o Welsh.[3] Ance the Welsh leid wis grantit equal status in govrenment wi the Welsh Leid Act o 1993, the representative constituency names for the island wur chyngit tae the Welsh name o the island, Ynys Môn (UK Parliament constituency) in the UK pairlament, an Ynys Môn (Assembly constituency) in the Naitional Assembly for Wales. Wi an aurie o 714 square kilometres (276 sq mi),[4] Anglesey is the lairgest Welsh island, the saxt lairgest surroondin the island o Great Breetain, an the lairgest island in the Erse Sea aheid o the Isle o Man.[5]

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Môn is the Welsh name o Anglesey, derivit frae the Breetish enisis mona, appearin first durin the Roman era as 'Mona': it is the Mona o Tacitus (Ann. xiv. 29, Agr. xiv. 18), Pliny the Elder (iv. 16) an Dio Cassius (62). It is cried Môn Mam Cymru ("Môn, Mither o Wales") bi Giraldus Cambrensis, for the claimit ability o the fertile land tae produce enough fuid for the whole o Wales. In reality, the claim was probably mair directit at an ability tae sustain Gwynedd. Auld Welsh names are Ynys Dywyll ("Dark Isle") an Ynys y Cedairn (cedyrn or kedyrn; "Isle o brave fowk"). Clas Merddin, an Y fêl Ynys (honey isle) are ither names. The Inglis name Anglesey is in fact derivit frae the Auld Norse, meanin 'Ongull's Island'. The alternative "isle (ey) o the Angles" is discreditit.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Davies, John, A History of Wales, Tumultuous century, Meredudd ab Owain, Viking raids of, Anglesey name origin pg 98, 99;
  2. Anglesey from Ongle's ey, or Ongle's Island. Anglesey, Wales
  3. Office of National Statistics 2001 Census Table KS25
  4. Angleseynature.co.uk
  5. C.Michael Hogan. 2011. Irish Sea. eds P.Saundry & C.Cleveland. encyclopedia of Earth. National Council for Science and the Environment. Washington DC

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]