Adolfo Suárez

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The Maist Excellent Adolfo Suárez GE, KOGF
Prime Meenister o Spain
In office
3 Julie 1976 – 25 Februar 1981
Monarch Juan Carlos I
Deputy Manuel Gutiérrez Mellado
Precedit bi Fernando de Santiago y Díaz
Succeeded by Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo
Member o the Congress o Deputies
for Madrid
In office
28 October 1982 – 26 Mey 1991
Personal details
Born Adolfo Suárez González
25 September 1932(1932-09-25)
Cebreros, Castile an León Spain
Deed 23 Mairch 2014(2014-03-23) (agit 81)
Madrid, Spain
Naitionality Spainyie
Poleetical pairty CDS
Ither poleetical
affiliations
FET y de las JONS (Falange) (1961-1975)
UCD
Spoose(s) María Amparo Illana Elórtegui
Childer María Amparo (1962–2004)
Adolfo (b. 1964)
Laura
Sonsoles (b. 1967)
Javier
Alma mater Salamanca Varsity
Occupation Jurist
Releegion Roman Catholicism

Adolfo Suárez González, 1st Duke o Suárez, Grandee o Spain, KOGF (Spainyie pronunciation: [aˈðolfo ˈswaɾeθ]; 25 September 193223 Mairch 2014) wis a Spainyie lawyer an politeecian. Suárez wis Spain's first democratically electit prime meenister efter the dictatorship o Francisco Franco, an the key figur in the kintra's transeetion tae democracy.[1]

Suárez wis born in Cebreros, Spain.

Durin his term as Prime Meenister, Suárez wis the key figur in the kintra's chynge tae democracy.[2] He led an foondit some democratic politeecal pairties in Spain. He introducit the Politeecal Reform o Spain in 1976 which helpit Spain tae acome a democratic kintra.

Efter a new constitution o Spain wis made intae act, Suárez resignit acause he did nae think that the new constitution wis richt for Spain. Efterwards, Suárez acame a hero to Spain.

In 2005, Suárez wis diagnosit with Alzheimer's disease. He diet nearly nine years later at the age o 81 in Madrid, Spain.

Early life[eedit | eedit soorce]

Suárez wis born in Cebreros, Spain. His parents wur Hipólito Suárez Guerra an Herminia González Prados. He wis eddicatit at the Varsity o Salamanca. Suárez marrit María Amparo Illana Elórtegui in 1961.

Politeecal career[eedit | eedit soorce]

On 4 Julie 1976, Keeng Juan Carlos appyntit Suárez as Prime Meenister o Spain. He wis the first Prime Meenister unner the 1978 Constitution o Spain.

In late Julie o 1977, Suárez acame a member o the Congress o Deputies for Madrid. He wis a member till he retirit frae politics in 1991.

In 1977, Spain haed its first free elections in 41 years. Suárez wis electit Prime Meenister. He an the fowk workin wi him won the 1979 elections unner the new constitution. He resignit as Prime Meenister on 29 Januar 1981.[3]

In 1981, Keeng Juan Carlos o Spain gae Suárez the hereditary title o "Duque de Suárez" (Duke o Suárez).[4] He an aa receivit the title Grande de España (Inglis: Grandee o Spain) acause o his role in the chynge tae democracy.[5]

The Prime Meenister efter Suárez wis Leopoldo Calvo Sotelo. In 1986, Suárez ran again for Prime Meenister. He lost tae Felipe González.

Personal life[eedit | eedit soorce]

Suárez haed five children. His first child deit in 2004 frae cancer. His wife o fifty years, María Amparo died in 2001. He livit in Madrid durin his retirement years.

In 2005, he wis diagnosed wi Alzheimer's disease.

Daith[eedit | eedit soorce]

On 31 Mey 2005, Suárez's son, Adolfo Suárez Illana, annooncit on Spainyie televeesion that his faither wis sufferin frae Alzheimer's disease. He deit frae a respiratory infection in Madrid, agit 81.[6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Roberts, Geoffrey K.; Hogwood, Patricia (2003), The Politics Today companion to West European politics, Manchester University Press, p. 137 
  2. Payne, S.G. The Franco Regime, 1936–1975. Madison: University of Wisconsin, 1987. p 616.
  3. Preston, Paul, "Juan Carlos: Steering Spain from Dictatorship to Democracy", page 457. Harper Perennial, 2005. ISBN 0-00-638693-8
  4. Cercas, Javier, "The Anatomy of a Moment". Bloomsbury, 2011. ISBN 978-1-4088-0560-2.
  5. Roberts, Geoffrey K.; Hogwood, Patricia (2003), The Politics Today companion to West European politics, Manchester University Press, p. 137 
  6. Adolfo Suarez dies, steered Spain out of post-Franco turmoil

Ither wabsteids[eedit | eedit soorce]

Media relatit tae Adolfo Suárez at Wikimedie Commons