Addax

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Addax
DishonMikrai002.jpg
Conservation status
Scienteefic classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Bovidae
Subfamily: Hippotraginae
Genus: Addax
Laurillard, 1841
Species: A. nasomaculatus
Binomial name
Addax nasomaculatus
(de Blainville, 1816)[2]
Distribution o addax
Synonyms

The addax (Addax nasomaculatus), an aa kent as the white antelope an the screwhorn antelope, is an antelope o the genus Addax, that lives in the Sahara desert. It wis first describit bi Henri de Blainville in 1816. As suggestit bi its alternative name, this pale antelope haes lang, twistit horns - typically 55 to 80 cm (22 to 31 in) in females an 70 to 85 cm (28 to 33 in) in males. Males stand frae 105 to 115 cm (41 to 45 in) at the shoulder, wi females at 95 to 110 cm (37 to 43 in). Thay are sexually dimorphic, as the females are smawer than males. The colour o the coat depends on the saison - in the winter, it is greyish-broun wi white hindquarters an legs, an lang, broun hair on the heid, neck, an shoulders; in the simmer, the coat turns almaist completely white or sandy blonde.

The addax mainly eats grasses an leaves o ony available shrubs, leguminous yerbs an bushes. These ainimals are well-adaptit tae exist in thair desert habitat, as thay can live wioot watter for lang periods o time. Addax fairm herds o five tae 20 members, consistin o baith males an females. Thay are led bi the auldest female. Due tae its slaw movements, the antelope is an easy target for its predators: lions, humans, African huntin dugs, cheetahs an leopards. Breedin saison is at its peak durin winter an early ware. The naitural habitat o the addax are arid regions, semideserts an sandy an stony deserts.

The addax is a creetically endangered species o antelope, as classified bi the IUCN. Altho extremely rare in its native habitat due tae unregulated huntin, it is quite common in captivity. The addax wis ance abundant in North Africae, native tae Chad, Mauritanie an Niger. It is extinct in Algerie, Egyp, Libie, Sudan an wastren Sahara. It haes been reintroduced in Morocco an Tunisie.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. IUCN SSC Antelope Specialist Group (2008). Addax nasomaculatus. In: IUCN 2008. IUCN Red Leet o Threatened Species. Retrieved 13 November 2008.Database entry includes justification for why this species is listed as critically endangered and the criteria used.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wilson, D. E.; Reeder, D. M., eds. (2005). Mammal Species of the World (3rd ed.). Johns Hopkins University Press. p. 717. ISBN 978-0-8018-8221-0. OCLC 62265494. 
  3. Krausman, P.R. & Casey, A.L. (2012). "Addax nasomaculatus". Mammalian Species: Number 807: pp. 1–4. doi:10.1644/807.1. 

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