Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (Gujarati: મોહનદાસ કરમચંદ ગાંધી; Hindi: मोहनदास करमचंद गांधी, pronounced [moːɦən̪d̪aːs kərəmtɕən̪d̪ ɡaːn̪d̪ʱiː] ( listen); 2 October 1869 – 30 Januar 1948) wis the pre-eminent poleetical an ideological leader o Indie durin the Indian independence movement. He pioneered satyagraha. This is defined as resistance tae tyranny through mass civil disobedience, a philosophy firmly foondit upon ahimsa, or total nonviolence. This concept helped Indie tae gain independence, an inspired movements for ceevil richts an freedom athort the warld. Gandhi is aften referred tae as Mahatma Gandhi ([məɦaːt̪maː]; Sanskrit: महात्मा mahātmā or "Great Soul", an honorific first applied tae him bi Rabindranath Tagore). In India he is an aa cawed Bapu (Gujarati: બાપુ, bāpu or "Hoor"). He is offeecially honoured in Indie as the Hoor o the Naition; his birthday, 2 October, is commemoratiy there as Gandhi Jayanti, a naitional holiday, an warldwide as the Internautional Day o Non-Violence. Gandhi wis murdurred oan Januar 1st 1948 by a Hindu wha thought he wis tae sympathetic tae the Muslims. Januar 1st is celebratit as "Mairtyr's Day" in Indie.
- Bhattacharya, Sabyasachi (1997). The Mahatma and the Poet. New Delhi: National Book Trust, India. p. 1