Ziortza-Bolibar

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Ziortza-Bolibar
Municipality
Ziortza-Bolibar
Plaza Simón Bolívar en Bolívar (Vizcaya).jpg
Location o Ziortza-Bolibar in Spain an Biscay
Location o Ziortza-Bolibar in Spain an Biscay
Ziortza-Bolibar is located in Spain
Ziortza-Bolibar
Ziortza-Bolibar
Location in Spain
Coordinates: 43°14′42″N 2°33′21″W / 43.24500°N 2.55583°W / 43.24500; -2.55583Coordinates: 43°14′42″N 2°33′21″W / 43.24500°N 2.55583°W / 43.24500; -2.55583
Kintra  Spain
Autonomous commonty  Basque Kintra
Province Biscay
Comarca Lea-Artibai
Foondit 2005
Govrenment
 • Alcalde José Salvador Azpiazu Totorikaguena (2007) (EAJ-PNV)
Aurie
 • Tot 18.50 km2 (7.14 sq mi)
Elevation 162 m (531 ft)
Population (2008)
 • Tot 395
 • Density 21/km2 (55/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Ziortzarra Bolibartarra
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 48278
Wabsteid Offeecial wabsteid

Ziortza-Bolibar (Spaingie: Cenarruza-Puebla de Bolívar) is a municipality in the province o Biscay, Basque Kintra (Spain), in the comarca o Lea-Artibai. It haes 383 inhabitants accordin tae the 2006 census, an haes a aurie o 18.94 km².

The municipality wis annexed in 1969 bi Markina-Xemein an recovered its unthirldom on 1 Januar 2005. Records indicate its existence syne the 11t hunderyear.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name Bolibar comes frae the Basque leid, meanin "windmill valley" (bolu = "windmill" an ibar = "valley"). Ziortza/Cenarruza is derivit from a local name for polygonum ziaurri (historically *zinaurri) an the suffix -tza denotin a place o abundance o something.[1]

Puebla de Bolívar[eedit | eedit soorce]

Bolívar or Bolibar (in Basque) is the urban centre o the municipality, situatit alang the stream wi the same name, at the fuit o Munt Oiz.

Frae 1969 tae 2004 it belonged, alang wi the neebourheid o Cenarruza (Ziortza in Basque), tae the municipality o Markina-Xemein, till a commonty muivement managit tae merge baith neebourheids intae a unthirlt municipality.

The last name Bolívar haes its oreegins in this locality; Simón Bolívar de la Rementería, a colonist born in this neebourhei, teuk it frae Europe tae the Americae, whaur his famous stryndant Simón Bolívar, ane o the Liberators o Americae made it famous aroond the warld. Thare are a couple o statues an a museum in his honour; thare wis a faimily hoose in Rementería, ahint the local kirk, but it does no exist onymair.

Ither illustrious fowk frae this smaw veelage are: Diego de Irusta, who pairticipatit in the Battle o Las Navas de Tolosa; the abbots o the Collegiate Kirk o Cenarruza; Diego an Bernardino de Irusta; general Francisco de Longa, hero o the Spainyie Unthirldom War; an general Pedro de Zubiaur.

The Collegiate Kirk o Cenarruza[eedit | eedit soorce]

Cloister o the Collegiate Kirk o Santa María de Cenarruza

The Collegiate Kirk o Cenarruza or Ziortza is locatit roughly twa kilometers frae the urban nucleus. It wis a important enclave in the Route o Santiago de Compostela, an its influence extendit ayont the comarca an surpassed the releegious scope.

Tradition marks its foondin in the 10t hunderyear. Accordin tae legend, on the day o the Assumption in the year 968 the local inhabitants held a mass in the Kirk o Santa Lucia de Garay, when a eagle pickit up a skull frae a opened tomb an droppit it in the place whaur the Collegiate Kirk is situatit the day. The fowk unnerstuid this event tae be a sign an raised the releegious complex in that place.

The complex consists o:

  • The kirk, oreeginally built in the 14t hunderyear but continually rebuilt until it obtained, in the 15t hunderyear, the Gothic style it currently haes. In its interior there is a magnificent organ, ane o the maist auncient in Biscay, an a lairge group o sculpturs. The portico haes curious carvins in its beams, an the front door haes a group o sculpturs representin Jesus Christ an twa muisicker angels.
  • The cloister, built in the Renaissance period. It haes a square floor-plan, an the spandrels are decoratit wi shells an Fleur-de-lis crosses.
  • The Eastern Gate is the main entrance tae the releegious complex. It bears the coat-o-airms o the Múgica an Butrón faimilies, as well as a image o the legendar eagle hauldin the skull in its claws.
Eagle wi a skull in its claws
  • The Wastren Gate, smawer than the Eastren ane but bearin the same coat-o-airms an the same image o the eagle.

Thare wis a hospital for pilgrims that wis destroyed in a fire an wis subsequently rebuilt as a hostel managit bi Cistercian monks an is the property o the monastery o Oliva in Navarre. Thare are remains o a walkwey which shapit pairt o the Santiago Route.

Ither monuments in Bolívar[eedit | eedit soorce]

Monument tae Simón Bolívar
  • Kirk o Saunt Thomas, built in the 10t hunderyear an rebuilt in the 17t an 18t hunderyears. It haes the structur o a fortress-temple, wi anerly ane nave an a rib vault, as well as twa cylindrical touers. The altarpiece is neoclessical.
  • The govrenment o Venezuela erectit a monument in honour o the "Liberator" (Simón Bolívar) in 1927, the first ane in Spain.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Euskaltzaindia. "Ziortza". Retrieved 10 September 2011. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]