Yuan dynasty

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Yuan dynasty

元朝
ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠦᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
1271–1368
Yuan dynasty circa 1294
Yuan dynasty circa 1294
StatusKhanate directly ruled bi Khagans o the Mongol Empire[Note 1]
Conquest Dynasty in Cheenae
CaipitalKhanbaliq (Beijing)
Common leidsMongolian
Chinese
Releegion
Buddhism (Tibetan Buddhism as de facto state releegion)
Shamanism
Taoism
Confucianism
Cheenese folk releegion
Christianity
Islam
GovrenmentMonarchy
Emperor 
• 1260–1294
Kublai Khan
• 1333–1368
Toghon Temür
Chancellor 
Historical eraPostclessical Era
Ware, 1206
• Formal proclamation o the Yuan dynasty[1]
18 December 1271
1268-1273
4 Februar 1276
19 Mairch 1279
• 
1351-1368
• Faw o Khanbaliq
14 September 1368
• Formation o Northren Yuan dynasty
1368-1388
Aurie
1310[2]14,000,000 km2 (5,400,000 sq mi)
Population
• 1290
77000000
• 1293
79816000
• 1330
83873000
• 1350
87147000
CurrencyPredominantly Paper Siller (Chao), wi a smaa amount o Cheenese cash in uise
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Mongol Empire
Song dynasty
Northren Yuan dynasty
Ming dynasty
The day pairt o Bhutan
 Cheenae
 Indie
 Laos
 Mongolie
 Myanmar
 North Korea
 Roushie
 Sooth Korea

The Yuan[3] dynasty (Cheenese: ; pinyin: Yuán Cháo), offeecially the Great Yuan[4] (Cheenese: ; pinyin: Dà Yuán; Mongolian: ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠦᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ, Dai Ön Ulus[5]), wis the empire or rulin dynasty established bi Kublai Khan, leader o the Mongolian Borjigin clan.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Afore Kublai Khan annoonced the dynastic name "Great Yuan" in 1271, Khagans (Great Khans) o the Mongol Empire (Ikh Mongol Uls, Great Mongol State) already stairtit tae uise the Cheenese title o Emperor (皇帝) practically in the Cheenese leid syne Genghis Khan.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Kublai Khan (December 18, 1271), 建國號詔 
  2. Taagepera, Rein (1997). "Expansion and Contraction Patterns of Large Polities: Context for Russia". International Studies Quarterly. 41 (3): 475–504. doi:10.1111/0020-8833.00053. 
  3. Yuan: /jˈɑːn/
  4. "Civil Society in China: The Legal Framework from Ancient Times to the 'New Reform Era'", p39, note 69.
  5. Or Ikh Yuan Üls/Yekhe Yuan Ulus, an aa Их Юань улс in Mongolian Cyrillic.

Coordinates: 39°54′N 116°23′E / 39.900°N 116.383°E / 39.900; 116.383