Yuan dynasty

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Yuan dynasty
元朝
ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠦᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ
1271–1368
Yuan dynasty circa 1294
Yuan dynasty circa 1294
Status Khanate directly ruled bi Khagans o the Mongol Empire[Note 1]
Conquest Dynasty in Cheenae
Caipital Khanbaliq (Beijing)
Common leids Mongolian
Chinese
Releegion Buddhism (Tibetan Buddhism as de facto state releegion)
Shamanism
Taoism
Confucianism
Cheenese folk releegion
Christianity
Islam
Govrenment Monarchy
Emperor  
• 1260–1294
Kublai Khan
• 1333–1368
Toghon Temür
Chancellor  
Historical era Postclessical Era
Ware, 1206
• Formal proclamation o the Yuan dynasty[1]
18 December 1271
1268-1273
4 Februar 1276
19 Mairch 1279
• 
1351-1368
• Faw o Khanbaliq
14 September 1368
• Formation o Northren Yuan dynasty
1368-1388
Aurie
1310[2] 14,000,000 km2 (5,400,000 sq mi)
Population
• 1290
77000000
• 1293
79816000
• 1330
83873000
• 1350
87147000
Currency Predominantly Paper Siller (Chao), wi a smaa amount o Cheenese cash in uise
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Mongol Empire
Song dynasty
Northren Yuan dynasty
Ming dynasty
The day pairt o  Bhutan
 Cheenae
 Indie
 Laos
 Mongolie
 Myanmar
 North Korea
 Roushie
 Sooth Korea

The Yuan[3] dynasty (Cheenese: ; pinyin: Yuán Cháo), offeecially the Great Yuan[4] (Cheenese: ; pinyin: Dà Yuán; Mongolian: ᠶᠡᠬᠡ ᠦᠨ ᠤᠯᠤᠰ, Dai Ön Ulus[5]), wis the empire or rulin dynasty established bi Kublai Khan, leader o the Mongolian Borjigin clan.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Afore Kublai Khan annoonced the dynastic name "Great Yuan" in 1271, Khagans (Great Khans) o the Mongol Empire (Ikh Mongol Uls, Great Mongol State) already stairtit tae uise the Cheenese title o Emperor (皇帝) practically in the Cheenese leid syne Genghis Khan.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Kublai Khan (December 18, 1271), 建國號詔 
  2. Taagepera, Rein (1997). "Expansion and Contraction Patterns of Large Polities: Context for Russia". International Studies Quarterly. 41 (3): 475–504. doi:10.1111/0020-8833.00053. 
  3. Yuan: /jˈɑːn/
  4. "Civil Society in China: The Legal Framework from Ancient Times to the 'New Reform Era'", p39, note 69.
  5. Or Ikh Yuan Üls/Yekhe Yuan Ulus, an aa Их Юань улс in Mongolian Cyrillic.

Coordinates: 39°54′N 116°23′E / 39.900°N 116.383°E / 39.900; 116.383