Yom Kippur War

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Yom Kippur War/October War
Part of the Cauld War an Arab–Israeli conflict
Bridge Crossing.jpg
Egyptian forces crossing the Suez Canal on October 7
Date October 6–25, 1973
Location Baith banks o the Suez Canal, Golan Hichts, an surroondin regions
Result Israeli victory[16]
Territorial
changes
  • The Egyptian airmy occupied the eastren coast o the Suez Canal wi the exception o the Israeli crossin pynt near Deversoir.[17]
  • The Israeli airmy occupied saxteen hunder squerr kilometers o territory on the soothwastren coast o the Suez Canal, within 100 km frae Cairo, an encircled an Egyptian enclave in the east bank[17]
  • The Israeli airmy occupied five hunder square kilometers o the Sirian Bashan, on tap o the Golan Hichts, which brocht it within 20 miles o Damascus.[18]
Belligerents
 Israel

 Egypt
 Syria
Combat support:

Commanders an leaders
Israel Golda Meir
Israel Moshe Dayan
Israel David Elazar
Israel Israel Tal
Israel Shmuel Gonen
Israel Yitzhak Hofi
Israel Binyamin Peled
Israel Haim Bar-Lev
Israel Albert Mandler 
Israel Ariel Sharon
Egyp Anwar Sadat
Sirie Hafez al-Assad
Egyp Ahmad Ismail Ali
Sirie Mustafa Tlass
Egyp Saad El Shazly
Sirie Yusuf Shakkour
Egyp Abdel Ghani el-Gammasy
Sirie Ali Aslan
Sirie Omar Abrash 
Strenth

375,000[19]–415,000 truips,
1,700 tanks,[20]
3,000 airmored carriers,
945 artillery units,[21]

440 combat aircraft

Egypt:
650,000[19]–800,000[22] truips
1,700 tanks (1,020 crossed)[23]
2,400 airmored carriers
1,120 airtillery units[21]
400 combat aircraft
140 helicopters[24]
104 Navy vessels
150 surface tae air missile batteries (62 in the front line)[25]
Sirie:
150,000[19] truips
1,200 tanks
800–900 airmored carriers
600 artillery units[21][26][27]
Expedeetionar Forces*:
100,000 troops[19]
500–670 tanks[5][28]
700 armored carriers[5]
Cuba:
1,500[2]–4,000[29] troops

Kuwait:
3,000 truips[30]

Morocco:
5,500 truips[31]
30 tanks[31]
52 combat aircraft[31]

North Korea:
20 pilots
19 non-combat personnel[32]

Saudi-Arabie
3,000 troops[30]

Tunisie:

1,000–2,000 truips[4]
Casualties an losses
2,521[33]–2,800[34][35] dead
7,250[36]–8,800[34] wounded
293 captured
1063 tanks destroyed, damaged or capturt[37]
407 airmored vehicles destroyed or captured
102–387 aircraft destroyed[38][39]

Egyp: 5,000[34]–15,000[40] dead
8,372 capturt[41]

Sirie: 3,000[34]–3,500[40] dead
392 capturt[41]

Iraq: 278 dead
898 woundit[42]
13 capturt[41]

Jordan: 23 dead
77 woundit[42]

Morocco: 6 capturt[41]
Tot casualties:
8,000[34]–18,500[40] dead
18,000[34]–35,000[43] wounded
8,783 captured
2,250[44]–2,300[45] tanks destroyed
341[34]–514[46] aircraft destroyed
19 naval vessels sunk[47]
  • Nae aw kintras involved pairteecipatit in combat

The Yom Kippur War, Ramadan War, or October War (Arabic: حرب أكتوبر‎‎ Ḥarb ʾUktōbar, or حرب تشرين Ḥarb Tišrīn; Ebreu: מלחמת יום הכיפורים‎‎ Milẖemet Yom HaKipurim or מלחמת יום כיפור Milẖemet Yom Kipur), an aa kent as the 1973 Arab–Israeli War, wis a war focht bi the coaleetion o Arab states led bi Egyp an Sirie against Israel frae October 6 tae 25, 1973.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Shazly, p. 278.
  2. 2.0 2.1
    Perez, Cuba, Between Reform and Revolution, pp. 377–379.
    • Gott, Cuba, A New History, p. 280.
  3. Mahjoub Tobji (2006). Les officiers de Sa Majesté: Les dérives des généraux marocains 1956-2006. 107: Fayard. ISBN 978-2213630151. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Hussain, Hamid (November 2002). "Opinion: The Fourth round — A Critical Review of 1973 Arab-Israeli War A Critical Review of 1973 Arab-Israeli War". Defence Journal. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Rabinovich, p. 314.
  6. Herzog (1975). The War of Atonement. Little, Brown and Company. . Foreword.
  7. Insight Team of the London Sunday Times, p. 450.
  8. Luttwak; Horowitz (1983). The Israeli Army. Cambridge, MA: Abt Books. 
  9. Rabinovich (2004). The Yom Kippur War. Schocken Books. p. 498. 
  10. Kumaraswamy, PR (Mairch 30, 2000). Revisiting The Yom Kippur War. pp. 1–2. ISBN 978-0-7146-5007-4. 
  11. Johnson; Tierney. Failing To Win, Perception of Victory and Defeat in International Politics. p. 177, 180.  External link in |title= (help)
  12. Liebman, Charles (Julie 1993). "The Myth of Defeat: The Memory of the Yom Kippur war in Israeli Society" (PDF). Middle Eastern Studies. London: Frank Cass. 29 (3): 411. [deid airtin]
  13. "Israel's victory came at the cost of heavy casualties, and Israelis criticized the government’s lack of preparedness." YOM KIPPUR WAR at history.com
  14. "The 1973 war thus ended in an Israeli victory, but at great cost to the United States.", The 1973 Arab-Israeli War at website of Office of the Historian
  15. Simon Dunstan. The Yom Kippur War: The Arab-Israeli War of 1973. p. 205.  External link in |title= (help)
  16. See [6][7][8][9][10][11][12][13][14][15]
  17. 17.0 17.1 Morris, 2011, Righteous Victims, p. 437
  18. Morris,2011p,433,"Bashan ...500 square kilometers ... which brought it within 20 miles of Damascus"
  19. 19.0 19.1 19.2 19.3 Rabinovich. The Yom Kippur War. p. 54. 
  20. Insight Team of the London Sunday Times, p. 372–373.
  21. 21.0 21.1 21.2 The number reflects artillery units of caliber 100 mm and up
  22. Herzog. p. 239.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. Shazly, p. 244.
  24. Shazly, p. 272.
  25. Haber & Schiff, pp. 30–31.
  26. USMC Major Michael C. Jordan (1997). "The 1973 Arab-Israeli War: Arab Policies, Strategies, and Campaigns". GlobalSecurity.org. Retrieved Aprile 20, 2009. 
  27. Major George E. Knapp (1992). "4: Antiarmor Operations on the Golan Heights". Combined Arms in battle since 1939. U.S. Army Command and General Staff College. Retrieved Juin 1, 2009. 
  28. Bar-On, Mordechai (2004). A Never Ending Conflict. Greenwood Publishing. p. 170. 
  29. Bourne, Peter G. (1986). Fidel: A Biography of Fidel Castro. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company.[page needit]
  30. 30.0 30.1 Rabinovich, pp. 464–465.
  31. 31.0 31.1 31.2 "Le jour où Hassan II a bombardé Israël". Le Temps. Retrieved 25 December 2013. [deid airtin]
  32. Shazly, pp. 83–84.
  33. Schiff, A History of the Israeli Army, p. 328.
  34. 34.0 34.1 34.2 34.3 34.4 34.5 34.6 Garwych, p. 243.
  35. Journal "الأهرام","Al Ahram". 14 October 1974
  36. Rabinovich. The Yom Kippur War. p. 497. 
  37. Rabinovich, p. 496
  38. "White House Military Briefing" (PDF). Retrieved October 22, 2011. 
  39. "القوة الثالثة، تاريخ القوات الجوية المصرية." Third Power: History of Egyptian Air Force Ali Mohammed Labib. pp. 187
  40. 40.0 40.1 40.2 Herzog, Encyclopaedia Judaica, Keter Publishing House, 1974, p. 87.
  41. 41.0 41.1 41.2 41.3 "Ministry of Foreign Affairs". Mfa.gov.il. Retrieved October 22, 2011. 
  42. 42.0 42.1 Dunstan, p. 200.
  43. Rabinovich p. 497
  44. Rabinovich, pp. 496–497.
  45. Garwych p. 244
  46. Herzog, p. 260.
  47. Herzog, War of Atonement, p. 269.

Bibliografie[eedit | eedit soorce]