Y chromosome

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Human Y chromosome
Human male karyotpe high resolution - Y chromosome cropped.png
Human Y chromosome (efter G-baundin)
Human male karyotpe high resolution - Chromosome Y.png
Y chromosome in human male karyogram
Featurs
Lenth (bp) 57,227,415 bp
(GRCh38)[1]
No. o genes 63 (CCDS)[2]
Teep Allosome
Centromere poseetion Acrocentric[3]
(10.4 Mbp[4])
Complete gene leets
CCDS Gene list
HGNC Gene list
NCBI Gene list
External map viewers
Ensembl Chromosome Y
Entrez Chromosome Y
NCBI Chromosome Y
UCSC Chromosome Y
Full DNA sequences
RefSeq NC_000024 (FASTA)
GenBank CM000686 (FASTA)

The Y chromosome is ane o twa sex chromosomes (allosomes) in mammals, includin humans, an mony ither ainimals. The ither is the X chromosome. Y is the sex-determinin chromosome in mony species, syne it is the presence or absence o Y that determines the male or female sex o offspring produced in sexual reproduction. In mammals, the Y chromosome contains the gene SRY, which causes testis development.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Human Genome Assembly GRCh38 - Genome Reference Consortium". National Center for Biotechnology Information (in Inglis). 2013-12-24. Retrieved 2017-03-04. 
  2. "Search results - Y[CHR] AND "Homo sapiens"[Organism] AND ("has ccds"[Properties] AND alive[prop]) - Gene". NCBI. CCDS Release 20 for Homo sapiens. 2016-09-08. Retrieved 2017-05-28. 
  3. Tom Strachan; Andrew Read (2 Aprile 2010). Human Molecular Genetics. Garland Science. p. 45. ISBN 978-1-136-84407-2. 
  4. Genome Decoration Page, NCBI. Ideogram data for Homo sapience (850 bphs, Assembly GRCh38.p3). Last update 2014-06-03. Retrieved 2017-04-26.