Wilhelm Wundt

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Wilhelm Wundt
Wilhelm Wundt.jpg
Wilhelm Wundt in 1902
BornWilhelm Maximilian Wundt
16 August 1832(1832-08-16)
Neckarau near Mannheim, Grand Duchy o Baden, German Confederation
Died31 August 1920(1920-08-31) (aged 88)
Großbothen, Saxony, Germany[1]
ResidenceGermany
NaitionalityGerman
Alma materVarsity o Heidelberg
(MD, 1856)
Kent forExperimental psychology
Empirical psychology[2]
Psychological voluntarism[2][3]
Psychological structuralism
Scientific career
FieldsExperimental psychology, Pheesiology
InstitutionsVarsity o Leipzig
ThesisUntersuchungen über das Verhalten der Nerven in entzündeten und degenerirten Organen (1856)
Doctoral advisorKarl Ewald Hasse[4]
Other academic advisorsJohannes Peter Müller
Hermann von Helmholtz
Doctoral studentsEdward B. Titchener, G. Stanley Hall, Oswald Külpe, Hugo Münsterberg, Vladimir Bekhterev, James McKeen Cattell, Lightner Witmer[5]
InfluencesGustav Fechner
InfluencedEmil Kraepelin

Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt (16 August 1832 – 31 August 1920) wis a German pheesician, pheesiologist, filosofer, an professor, kent the day as ane o the foondin figurs o modren psychology. Wundt, wha notit psychology as a science apairt frae biology an filosofie, wis the first person tae ever caw himsel a psychologist.[6] He is widely regairdit as the "faither o experimental psychology".[7][8] In 1879, Wundt foondit the first formal laboratory for psychological research at the Varsity o Leipzig. This merked psychology as an independent field o study.[9] A Review of General Psychology survey, published in 2002, ranked Wundt as the 93rd maist citit psychologist o the 20t century, tied wi Edwin Boring, John Dewey, an Amos Tversky.[10]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. See Wundt's gravestone (image).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Wilhelm Max Wundt (1897), Outlines of Psychology (Grundriss der Psychologie).
  3. "Wundt's Psychological Model"
  4. Neurotree profile Wilhelm Wundt
  5. Wilhelm Wundt an William James. Webspace.ship.edu. Retrieved on 29 June 2015.
  6. Carlson, Neil and Heth, C. Donald (2010) Psychology the Science of Behaviour. Pearson Education Inc. ISBN 0205547869. p. 18
  7. "Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt" in Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
  8. Butler-Bowdon, Tom (2007). 50 Psychology Classics. Nicholas Brealey Publishing. ISBN 1857884736. p. 2.
  9. Schacter, D. L.; Gilbert, D. T. and Wegner, D. M. (2010). Psychology. 2nd Edition. Worth Publishers. ISBN 1429269677
  10. Haggbloom, Steven J.; Warnick, Jason E.; Jones, Vinessa K.; Yarbrough, Gary L.; Russell, Tenea M.; Borecky, Chris M.; McGahhey, Reagan; et al. (2002). "The 100 most eminent psychologists of the 20th century". Review of General Psychology. 6 (2): 139–152. doi:10.1037/1089-2680.6.2.139. Explicit use of et al. in: |last2= (help)