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A wilayah (Arabic: ولاية‎) or ولایت (velâyat) in Persian, vilayet in Turkish or vilayat in Urdu, is an admeenistrative diveesion, uisually translatit as "province", rarely as "govrenorate". The wird comes frae the Arabic "w-l-y", "tae govern": a wāli — "govrenor" — govrens a wilayah, "that which is govrened". Unner the Caliphate, the term referred tae ony constituent near-sovereign state.