Help:IPA for Italian

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The chairts ablo shaw hou the Internaitional Phonetic Alphabet represents pronunciations o Italian in Wikipaedia airticles.

Consonants[1]
IPA Examples
b banca, cibo
d dove, idra
dz zaino, azalea, mezzo[2][3]
gelo, giù, magia, judo, gadget[4]
f fatto, cifra, phon
ɡ gatto, agro, glifo, ghetto
k cosa, acuto, finché, quei, kiwi[4]
l lato, tela
ʎ figli, glielo, maglia[3]
m mano, amare, input, anfibio[5]
n nano, punto, pensare[5]
ŋ unghia, anche, dunque[5]
ɲ gnocco, ogni[3]
p primo, ampio, apertura[4]
r Roma, quattro, morte
s sano, scusa, presentire, pasto
ʃ scena, scià, pesci, flash, chic[3]
t tranne, mito, altro, thai[4]
ts zio, sozzo, marzo[2][3]
certo, ciao, farmacia, chip
v vado, povero, watt
z sbirro, presentare, asma
Non-native consonants
h hobby, hertz[4][6]
θ Thatcher, Pérez[4]
x khamsin, Bach, jota[7]
ʒ Fuji, abat-jour, garage, casual[4]
Vouels[8]
IPA Examples
a alto, sarà, must, clown
e vero, perché, liaison
ɛ elica, cioè, cash, play, spread
i viso, sì, zia, feed, team, sexy
o ombra, otto, show, coach
ɔ otto, sarò, Sean
u usi, ragù, tuo, look, tour
Non-native vouels
œ viveur, goethiano, Churchill[9]
y parure, brûlé, Führer[10]
 
Semivouels
IPA Examples
j ieri, saio, più, Jesi, yacht, news
w uova, guado, qui, week-end
 
Suprasegmentals
IPA Examples Explanation
ˈ Cennini [tʃenˈniːni] primary stress
ˌ altamente [ˌaltaˈmente] seicontar stress[11]
. continuo [konˈtiːnu.o] syllable break
ː primo [ˈpriːmo] lang vouel[12]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. If consonants are doobled efter a vouel, they are geminatit: aw consonants mey be geminatit except for /z/. In IPA, gemination is representit bi dooblin the consonant (fatto /ˈfatto/, mezzo /ˈmɛddzo/) or bi uisin the lenth merker ⟨ː⟩. Thare is an aa the sandhi o syntactic gemination: va via /ˌva vˈviːa/).
  2. 2.0 2.1 ⟨z⟩ represents baith /ts/ an /dz/. The airticle on Italian orthografie explains hou thay are uised.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 /dz/, /ts/, /ʎ/, /ɲ/ an /ʃ/ are alweys geminatit efter a vouel.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 In Tuscany [h], [ɸ], [θ] an [ʒ] are the common allophones o vouel-follaein single /k/, /p/, /t/ an /dʒ/.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 The nasals alweys assimilate thair place o airticulation tae that o the follaein consonant. Thus, the n in /nɡ/ ~ /nk/ is a velar [ŋ], an the ane in /nf/ ~ /nv/ is the labiodental [ɱ], but for simplicity, ⟨m⟩ is uised here. A nasal afore /p/, /b/ an /m/ is alweys the labial [m].
  6. /h/ is uisually dropped.
  7. In Spaingie loanwirds, /x/ is uisually pronoonced as [h], [k] or dropped. In German, Arabic an Roushie anes, it is uisually pronoonced [k].
  8. Italian contrasts seiven monophthongs in stressed syllables. Open-mid vouels /ɛ, ɔ/ can appear anerly if the syllable is stressed (coperto /koˈpɛrto/, quota /ˈkwɔːta/), close-mid vouels /e, o/ are foond ensewhaur (Boccaccio /bokˈkattʃo/, amore /aˈmoːre/). Open an close vouels /a i u/ are unchynged in unstressed syllables, but wird-final unstressed /i/ mey acome approximant [j] afore vouels, which is kent as synalepha (pari età /ˌparj eˈta/).
  9. Open-mid [œ] or close-mid [ø] if it is stressed but usually [ø] if it is unstressed. May be replaced by [ɛ] (stressed) or [e] (stressed or unstressed).
  10. /y/ is often pronounced as [u] or [ju].
  11. Syne Italian haes na distinction atween hivier or lichter vouels, a defined seucontar stress, even in lang wirds, is extremely rare.
  12. Stressed vouels are lang in non-final open syllables: fato [ˈfaːto] ~ fatto [ˈfatto].

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