Volkswagen Beetle

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Volkswagen Type 1
VolkswagenBeetle-001.jpg
Early 1966 Volkswagen Beetle
Owerview
ManufacturerVolkswagen
Cried an aw"Beetle",[1] "Super Beetle",[2] Käfer[3] "Bug", "Superbug" [4] an ither elk-names
Production1938–2003: 21,529,464 built (of which 15,444,858 in Germany, incl. 330,251 Cabriolets,[5] and ≈ 3,350,000 in Brazil)
AssemblyWolfsburg, Hanover, Emden, Ingolstadt, Osnabrück, Germany, Melbourne, Australie, Brussels, Belgium, São Bernardo do Campo, Brazil, Jakarta, Indonesie, Dublin, Ireland, Puebla, Puebla, Mexico, Auckland, New Zealand, Lagos, Nigerie, Manila, Philippines, Uitenhage, Sooth Africae, Sarajevo, Bosnie an Herzegovinae, SFR Yugoslavie, Valencia, Venezuela[6]
Bouk an chassis
ClessSubcompact, economy caur
Body style2-door saloon
2-door convertible
LayootRR layoot
Powertrain
Ingine1.1 L H4; 1.2 L H4; 1.3 L H4; 1.5 L H4; 1.6 L H4
Transmission4-speed manual transaxle, 4-spd semi-automatic, Saxomat (frae 1961), 3-spd semi-automatic, Autostick (1967–76)
Chronology
SuccessorVolkswagen Group A platform
(Golf/Jetta/New Beetle)

The Volkswagen Beetle, offeecially the Volkswagen Type 1, or informally the Volkswagen Bug, is an economy caur manufactured an mercatit bi German automaker Volkswagen (VW) frae 1938 till 2003.[7]

The need for this kynd o caur, an its functional objectives, wur formulatit bi Adolf Hitler, leader o Nazi Germany, wishin for a cheap, simple caur tae be mass-produced for the new road netwirk o his kintra. He contractit Porsche in 1934 tae design an build it tae his exactin staundarts.[8] Ferdinand Porsche an his team teuk till 1938 tae feenalise the design.[8] This is ane o the first rear-ingined caurs. Wi ower 21 million manufactured (21,529,464) in a air-ceuled, rear-ingined, rear-wheel drive configuration, the Beetle is the langest-runnin an maist-manufactured caur o a single design platform, warldwide.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Full line". The samba (brochure). Canada. 1970. Retrieved 1 Juin 2011.
  2. "Super Beetle Sedan and Convertible". The samba (sales brochure). US. 1971. Retrieved 1 Juin 2011.
  3. "Super Beetle". The samba (brochure) (in German). 1973. Retrieved 3 Juin 2011.
  4. "Australian Volkswagens", www.clubvw.org.au Retrieved on 26 February 2014
  5. Oswald, Werner (2003). Deutsche Autos 1945–1990, Band 3. Stuttgart: Motorbuch. p. 39. ISBN 3-613-02116-1.
  6. "1973 Volkswagen Super Escarabajo (VE)". Dkarros. Retrieved 30 September 2010.
  7. Scott Faragher (2005). Porsche The Ultimate Guide: Everything You Need to Know About Every Porsche Ever Built. Krause Publications. p. 7. ISBN 0-87349-720-1.
  8. a b Jonathan Wood (2003). The Volkswagen Beetle. Osprey Publishing. pp. 3–5. ISBN 978-0-7478-0565-6.
Sources

Further readin[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Hiott, Andrea, Thinking Small: The Long Strange Trip. New York: Random House, 2012.
  • Nelson, Walter Henry, Small Wonder: The Amazing Story of the Volkswagen, Boston: Little, Brown, 1967.
  • Rieger, Bernhard, The People's Car: A Global History of the Volkswagen Beetle. Harvard University Press, 2013.

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]