V-2 racket

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Aggregat-4/Vergeltungswaffe-2
Fusée V2.jpg
Teep single-stage ballistic missile
Place o oreegin Nazi Germany
Service history
In service 1944–1952
Uised bi German Airmy
SS
Post-war:
Unitit Kinrick
Unitit States
Soviet Union
Production history
Designer Peenemünde Army Research Center
Manufacturer Mittelwerk GmbH
Unit cost 100,000 RM Januar 1944, 50,000 RM Mairch 1945[1]
Produced 16 Mairch 1942 – 1945 (Germany)
Some assembled post-war
Specifications
Wecht 12,500 kg (27,600 lb)
Lenth 14 m (45 ft 11 in)
Diameter 1.65 m (5 ft 5 in)
Warheid 1,000 kg (2,200 lb) Amatol
Detonation
mechanism
impact

Weengspan 3.56 m (11 ft 8 in)
Propellant 3,810 kg (8,400 lb) 75% ethanol/25% watter
4,910 kg (10,820 lb) liquid oxygen
Operational
range
320 km (200 mi)
Flicht altitude 88 km (55 mi) maximum altitude on lang-range trajectory,
206 km (128 mi) maximum altitude if launched vertically
Speed

maximum:5,760 km/h (3,580 mph)

at impact: 2,880 km/h (1,790 mph)
Guidance
system
Gyroscopes tae determine direction
Müller-type pendulous gyroscopic accelerometer for ingine cutaff on maist production rackets[2][3]:225
Launch
platform
Mobile (Meillerwagen)

The V-2 (German: Vergeltungswaffe 2, "Retribution Wappen 2"), technical name Aggregat 4 (A4), wis the warld's first lang-range[4] guided ballistic missile. The missile wi a liquid-propellant racket ingine wis developed during the Seicont Warld War in Germany as a "vengeance wappen", assigned tae attack Allied ceeties as retaliation for the Allied bombins against German ceeties.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Kennedy, Gregory P. (1983). Vengeance Weapon 2: The V-2 Guided Missile. Washington DC: Smithsonian Institution Press. pp. 27, 74. 
  2. 10% of the Mittelwerk rackets uised a guide beam for cutaff.
  3. Neufeld, Michael J (1995). The Rocket and the Reich: Peenemünde and the Coming of the Ballistic Missile Era. New York: The Free Press. pp. 73, 74, 101, 281. 
  4. "Lang-range" in the context o the time. See NASA history article.