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Utilitarianism is a theory in normative ethics hauldin that the best moral action is the ane that maximizes utility. Utility is defined in various ways, but is uisually relatit tae the well-bein o sentient entities. Oreeginally, Jeremy Bentham, the foonder o Utilitarianism, defined utility as the aggregate pleasure efter deductin sufferin o aw involved in ony action.