Unit 731

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Unit 731
Unit 731 - Complex.jpg
The Unit 731 complex
Location Pingfang, Cheenae
Coordinates 45°36′N 126°38′E / 45.6°N 126.63°E / 45.6; 126.63Coordinates: 45°36′N 126°38′E / 45.6°N 126.63°E / 45.6; 126.63
Date 1935–1945
Attack teep
Human experimentation
Biological warfare
Chemical warfare
Wappens Biological wappens
Chemical wappens
Explosives
Daiths Ower 3,000 frae inside experiments an tens o thoosands frae field experiments
Perpetrators Surgeon General Shirō Ishii
Lt. General Masaji Kitano
Epidemic Prevention an Watter Purification Department

Unit 731 (Japanese: 731部隊, Hepburn: Nana-san-ichi Butai) wis a covert biological an chemical warfare resairch an development unit o the Imperial Japanese Airmy that undertook lethal human experimentation during the Seicont Sino-Japanese War (1937–1945) o Warld War II. It wis responsible for some o the maist notorious war crimes carried oot bi Japan. Unit 731 wis based at the Pingfang destrict o Harbin, the lairgest ceety in the Japanese puppet state o Manchukuo (nou Northeast Cheenae).