Treaty o Tordesillas

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Treaty o Tordesillas
Treaty of Tordesillas.jpg
Front page o the Portuguese-awned treaty
Creatit7 Juin 1494 in Tordesillas, Spain
Ratified2 Julie 1494 in Spain
5 September 1494 in Portugal
LocationArchivo General de Indias (Spain)
Arquivo Nacional da Torre do Tombo (Portugal)
Author(s)Pape Alexander VI (ratifee'd bi Pape Julius II in 1506)[1]
SignatoriesFerdinand II o Aragon
Isabella I o Castile
John, Prince o Asturias
John II o Portugal[2]
PurposeTae divide treddin an colonisin richts for aw newly diskivert launds o the warld locatit atween Portugal an Castile (later applee'd atween the Spaingie Croun an Portugal) tae the exclusion o ither European nations

The Treaty o Tordesillas (Portuguese: Tratado de Tordesilhas [tɾɐˈtaðu ðɨ tuɾðeˈziʎɐʃ];[note 1] Spaingie: Tratado de Tordesillas [tɾaˈtaðo ðe toɾðeˈsiʎas]), signed at Tordesillas in Spain on 7 Juin 1494, an authenticatit at Setúbal, Portugal, dividit the newly diskivert launds ootside Europe atween the Portuguese Empire an the Spaingie Empire (Crown of Castile), alang a meridian 370 leagues[note 2] wast o the Cape Verde islands, aff the wast coast o Africae.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. In the European Portuguese pronunciation. Brazilians micht variously pronoonce it as [tɾɐˈtadʊ dʑɪ toɾdeˈziʎəs] in São Paulo, [tɾəˈtadu dʑi to̞ʀde̞ˈziʎəɕ] in Rio de Janeiro an [tɾaˈtadu dʑi tɔʁdɛˈziʎəs] in Salvador an [tɾɐˈtadu di tɔɦde̞ˈziʎəs] in Recife.
  2. 370 leagues equals 2,193 kilometres, 1,362 statute miles, or 1,184 nautical miles.
    Thir feegurs uise the legua náutica (nautical league) o fower Roman miles totalin 5.926 km, that wis uised bi Spain in the 15t, 16t, an 17t centuries for navigation.[3] In 1897 Henry Harrise notit that Jaime Ferrer, the expert consultit bi Keeng Ferdinand an Queen Isabella, statit that a league wis fower miles o sax stades ilk.[4] Modren scholarts gree that the geografic stade wis the Roman or Italian stade, nae ony o several ither Greek stades, supportin thir feegurs.[5][6] Harrise is in the minority whan he uises the stade o 192.27 m merkit within the stadium at Olympia, Greece, resultin in a league (32 stades) o 6.153 km, 3.8% lairger.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Parise, Agustín (23 January 2017). Ownership Paradigms in American Civil Law Jurisdictions: Manifestations of the Shifts in the Legislation of Louisiana, Chile, and Argentina (16th-20th Centuries). BRILL. p. 68. ISBN 9789004338203. Retrieved 21 September 2018. 
  2. Emma Helen Blair, ed., The Philippine Islands, 1493–1803 (Cleveland, Ohio: 1903). Frances Gardiner Davenport, ed., European Treaties Bearing on the History of the United States and Its Dependencies to 1648 (Washington, DC: Carnegie Institute of Washington, 1917), 100.
  3. Chardon, Roland (1980). "The linear league in North America". Annals of the Association of American Geographers. 70: 129–153 [pp. 142, 144, 151]. doi:10.1111/j.1467-8306.1980.tb01304.x. JSTOR 2562946. 
  4. Harrisse, pp. 85–97, 176–190.
  5. Newlyn Walkup, Eratosthenes and the mystery of the stades
  6. Engels, Donald (1985). "The length of Eratosthenes' stade". American Journal of Philology. 106: 298–311. doi:10.2307/295030. JSTOR 295030.