Tour de France

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Tour de France
2018 Tour de France
Race details
RegionFraunce an nearbi kintras
Local name(s)Le Tour de France (in French)
Nickname(s)La Grande Boucle
TypeStage race (Grand Tour)
OrganiserAmaury Sport Organisation
Race directorChristian Prudhomme
First edeetion1903 (1903)
Edeetions105 (2018)
First winner Maurice Garin (FRA)
Maist wins Jacques Anquetil (FRA)
 Eddy Merckx (BEL)
 Bernard Hinault (FRA)
 Miguel Indurain (ESP)
(5 wins ilk)
Maist recent Geraint Thomas (GBR)

The Tour de France (French pronunciation: ​[tuʁ də fʁɑ̃s]) is an annual multiple stage bicycle race primarily held in Fraunce,[1] while an aa occasionally makin passes through nearbi kintras. The race wis first organized in 1903 tae increase paper sales for the magazine L'Auto;[2] it is currently run bi the Amaury Sport Organisation.[3] The race haes been held annually syne its first edeetion in 1903 except for when it wis stopped for the twa Warld Wars.[4] As the Tour gained prominence an popularity the race wis lengthened an its reach began tae extend aroond the globe. Parteecipation expandit frae a primarily French field, as riders frae aw ower the warld began tae participate in the race each year. The Tour is a UCI Warld Tour event, which means that the teams that compete in the race are maistly UCI ProTeams, wi the exception o the teams that the organizers invite.[5][6]

Alang wi the Giro d'Italia an Vuelta a España, the Tour maks up cyclin's prestigious, three-week-lang Grand Tours.[7] Tradeetionally, the race is held primarily in the month o Julie. While the route chynges each year, the format o the race stays the same wi the appearance o at least twa time trials,[1] the passage through the muntain chains o the Pyrenees an the Alps, an the finish on the Champs-Élysées.[8][9] The modren edeetions o the Tour de Fraunce consist o 21 day-lang segments (stages) ower a 23-day period an cover aroond 3,200 kilometre (2,000 mi).[10] The race alternates atween clockwise an anticlockwise circuits o Fraunce.[11] The nummer o teams uisually varies atween 20 an 22, wi nine riders in each.

Aw o the stages are timed tae the finish; efter finishin the riders' times are compoondit wi thair previous stage times.[1] The rider wi the lawest aggregate time is the leader o the race an gets tae don the covetit yellae jersey.[1][12] While the general classification garners the maist attention thare are ither contests held within the Tour: the pynts classification for the sprinters, the muntains classification for the climbers wi general classification hopes, young rider classification for the riders unner the age o 26, an the team classification for the fastest teams.[1]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b c d e Joel Gunter (16 Julie 2012). "The Tour de France: a guide to the basics". The Telegraph. Retrieved 30 Julie 2012.
  2. "1903 Tour de France". 19 Januar 1903. Retrieved 30 Julie 2012.
  3. "Tour de France snubs velodrome Holocaust memorial". The Jewish Chronicle. 12 Julie 2012. Retrieved 30 Julie 2012.
  4. Barry Boys. "The Return of a Grand Affair – "New Tour Legend: the Maillot Jaune"". Cycling Revealed. Retrieved 3 Juin 2009.
  5. "Union Cycliste Internationale". Retrieved 6 August 2012.
  6. When is the Criterium route announced. "UCI WorldTour calendar 2012". Cycling Weekly. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
  7. "Million dollar, baby!". Cycling News. Future Publishing Limited. 12 Januar 2007. Retrieved 21 Mey 2011.
  8. "Tour de France 2011 – Stage by stage". Retrieved 30 Julie 2012.
  9. "Moment 17: 1975 – TDF's First Champs Elysees Finish". Bicycling Magazine. Archived frae the original on 5 September 2011. Retrieved 30 Julie 2012.
  10. "UCI Regulations" (2.6.011 ed.). p. 43. Archived frae the original on 23 Juin 2011. Retrieved 21 Julie 2009.
  11. Augendre 1996, p. 17.
  12. "Regulations of the race" (PDF). ASO/ Retrieved 30 December 2008.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]