Tinnitus

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Tinnitus
2010-07-20 Black windup alarm clock face.jpg
Tinnitus eften results in the soond o ringin.
Specialty Otorhinolaryngology, audiology
Symptoms Hearin soond whan na freemit soond is present[1]
Complications Depression, anxeeity, puir concentration[2]
Uisual onset Gradual[3]
Causes Noise-induced hearin loss, ear infections, disease o the hert or bluid veshels, Ménière's disease, harn tumors, emotional stress[2][4]
Diagnostic method Based on symptoms, audiogram, neurological exam[1][3]
Treatment Coonselin, soond generators, hearin aids[5][2]
Frequency ~12.5%[5]

Tinnitus is the hearin o soond whan na freemit soond is present.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Levine, RA; Oron, Y (2015). "Tinnitus". Handbook of clinical neurology. 129. pp. 409–31. doi:10.1016/B978-0-444-62630-1.00023-8. PMID 25726282. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 "Tinnitus". September 2014. Archived frae the oreeginal on 19 June 2015. Retrieved 22 May 2015. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 Baguley, D; McFerran, D; Hall, D (Nov 9, 2013). "Tinnitus". The Lancet. 382 (9904): 1600–07. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(13)60142-7. PMID 23827090. 
  4. Han BI, Lee HW, Kim TY, Lim JS, Shin KS (March 2009). "Tinnitus: characteristics, causes, mechanisms, and treatments". Journal of Clinical Neurology. 5 (1): 11–19. doi:10.3988/jcn.2009.5.1.11. PMC 2686891Freely accessible. PMID 19513328. About 75% of new cases are related to emotional stress as the trigger factor rather than to precipitants involving cochlear lesions. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 Langguth, B; Kreuzer, PM; Kleinjung, T; De Ridder, D (Sep 2013). "Tinnitus: causes and clinical management". The Lancet Neurology. 12 (9): 920–30. doi:10.1016/S1474-4422(13)70160-1. PMID 23948178.