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Tin,  50Sn
General properties
Name, seembol tin, Sn
Pronunciation /ˈtɪn/
Appearance sillery (left, beta) or gray (richt, alpha)
Tin in the periodic cairt
Hydrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Helium (noble gas)
Lithium (alkali metal)
Beryllium (alkaline yird metal)
Boron (metalloid)
Carbon (polyatomic nonmetal)
Nitrogen (diatomic nonmetal)
Oxygen (diatomic nonmetal)
Fluorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Neon (noble gas)
Sodium (alkali metal)
Magnesium (alkaline yird metal)
Aluminium (post-transeetion metal)
Silicon (metalloid)
Phosphorus (polyatomic nonmetal)
Sulfur (polyatomic nonmetal)
Chlorine (diatomic nonmetal)
Argon (noble gas)
Potassium (alkali metal)
Calcium (alkaline yird metal)
Scandium (transeetion metal)
Titanium (transeetion metal)
Vanadium (transeetion metal)
Chromium (transeetion metal)
Manganese (transeetion metal)
Iron (transeetion metal)
Cobalt (transeetion metal)
Nickel (transeetion metal)
Copper (transeetion metal)
Zinc (transeetion metal)
Gallium (post-transeetion metal)
Germanium (metalloid)
Arsenic (metalloid)
Selenium (polyatomic nonmetal)
Bromine (diatomic nonmetal)
Krypton (noble gas)
Rubidium (alkali metal)
Strontium (alkaline yird metal)
Yttrium (transeetion metal)
Zirconium (transeetion metal)
Niobium (transeetion metal)
Molybdenum (transeetion metal)
Technetium (transeetion metal)
Ruthenium (transeetion metal)
Rhodium (transeetion metal)
Palladium (transeetion metal)
Silver (transeetion metal)
Cadmium (transeetion metal)
Indium (post-transeetion metal)
Tin (post-transeetion metal)
Antimony (metalloid)
Tellurium (metalloid)
Iodine (diatomic nonmetal)
Xenon (noble gas)
Caesium (alkali metal)
Barium (alkaline yird metal)
Lanthanum (lanthanide)
Cerium (lanthanide)
Praseodymium (lanthanide)
Neodymium (lanthanide)
Promethium (lanthanide)
Samarium (lanthanide)
Europium (lanthanide)
Gadolinium (lanthanide)
Terbium (lanthanide)
Dysprosium (lanthanide)
Holmium (lanthanide)
Erbium (lanthanide)
Thulium (lanthanide)
Ytterbium (lanthanide)
Lutetium (lanthanide)
Hafnium (transeetion metal)
Tantalum (transeetion metal)
Tungsten (transeetion metal)
Rhenium (transeetion metal)
Osmium (transeetion metal)
Iridium (transeetion metal)
Platinum (transeetion metal)
Gold (transeetion metal)
Mercury (transeetion metal)
Thallium (post-transeetion metal)
Lead (post-transeetion metal)
Bismuth (post-transeetion metal)
Polonium (post-transeetion metal)
Astatine (metalloid)
Radon (noble gas)
Francium (alkali metal)
Radium (alkaline yird metal)
Actinium (actinide)
Thorium (actinide)
Protactinium (actinide)
Uranium (actinide)
Neptunium (actinide)
Plutonium (actinide)
Americium (actinide)
Curium (actinide)
Berkelium (actinide)
Californium (actinide)
Einsteinium (actinide)
Fermium (actinide)
Mendelevium (actinide)
Nobelium (actinide)
Lawrencium (actinide)
Rutherfordium (transeetion metal)
Dubnium (transeetion metal)
Seaborgium (transeetion metal)
Bohrium (transeetion metal)
Hassium (transeetion metal)
Meitnerium (unkent chemical properties)
Darmstadtium (unkent chemical properties)
Roentgenium (unkent chemical properties)
Copernicium (transeetion metal)
Ununtrium (unkent chemical properties)
Flerovium (post-transeetion metal)
Ununpentium (unkent chemical properties)
Livermorium (unkent chemical properties)
Ununseptium (unkent chemical properties)
Ununoctium (unkent chemical properties)


Atomic nummer 50
Staundart atomic wicht (Ar) 118.710
Element category   poor metal
Group, block group 14 (carbon group), p-block
Period period 5
Electron configuration [Kr] 4d10 5s2 5p2
per shell
2, 8, 18, 18, 4
Pheesical properties
Phase solid
Meltin pynt 505.08 K ​(231.93 °C, ​449.47 °F)
Boilin pynt 2875 K ​(2602 °C, ​4716 °F)
Density near r.t. (white) 7.365 g/cm3
(gray) 5.769 g/cm3
when liquid, at m.p. 6.99 g/cm3
Heat o fusion (white) 7.03 kJ/mol
Heat o (white) 296.1 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity (white) 27.112 J/(mol·K)
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 1497 1657 1855 2107 2438 2893
Atomic properties
Oxidation states 4, 3[1], 2, 1[2], -4 (amphoteric oxide)
Electronegativity Pauling scale: 1.96
Atomic radius empirical: 140 pm
Covalent radius 139±4 pm
Van der Waals radius 217 pm
Crystal structur tetragonal
Tetragonal crystal structure for tin

Speed o soond thin rod (rolled)
2730 m/s (at r.t.)
Thermal expansion 22.0 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity 66.8 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity 115 n Ω·m (at 0 °C)
Magnetic orderin (gray) diamagnetic[3], (white) paramagnetic
Young's modulus 50 GPa
Shear modulus 18 GPa
Bulk modulus 58 GPa
Poisson ratio 0.36
Mohs haurdness 1.5
Brinell haurdness ~350 MPa
CAS Registry Nummer 7440-31-5
Discovery aroond 3500 BC
Maist stable isotopes
Main article: Isotopes o tin
iso NA hauf-life DM DE (MeV) DP
112Sn 0.97% - (β+β+) 1.9222 112Cd
114Sn 0.66% - (SF) <27.965
115Sn 0.34% - (SF) <26.791
116Sn 14.54% - (SF) <25.905
117Sn 7.68% - (SF) <25.334
118Sn 24.22% - (SF) <23.815
119Sn 8.59% - (SF) <23.140
120Sn 32.58% - (SF) <21.824
122Sn 4.63% - (ββ) 0.3661 122Te
124Sn 5.79% >1×1017 y (ββ) 2.2870 124Te
126Sn trace 2.3×105 y β 0.380 + 126Sb
Decay modes in parentheses are predictit, but hae nae yet been observed
· references

Tin is a chemical element wi seembol Sn (for Laitin: stannum) an atomic nummer 50. It is a main group metal in group 14 o the periodic table. Tin shaws chemical seemilarity tae baith neighborin group-14 elements, germanium an leid, an haes twa possible oxidation states, +2 an the slichtly mair stable +4. Tin is the 49t maist abundant element an haes, wi 10 stable isotopes, the lairgest nummer o stable isotopes in the periodic table. Tin is obtained chiefly frae the mineral cassiterite, whaur it occurs as tin dioxide, SnO2.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "SnH3". NIST Chemistry WebBook. National Institure of Standards and Technology. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  2. "HSn". NIST Chemistry WebBook. National Institute of Standards and Technology. Retrieved 23 January 2013. 
  3. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5.