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2nt Emperor o the Roman Empire
8095 - Roma - Ara Pacis - Tiberio - Foto Giovanni Dall'Orto - 28-Mar-2008.jpg
Bust o the Emperor Tiberius
Ring18 September 14 AD – 16 Mairch 37 AD
PredecessorAugustus, stepfaither
SuccessorCaligula, great-neffae
Born16 November 42 BC
Dee'd16 Mairch AD 37 (aged 77)
Misenum, Italy
BuirialMausoleum o Augustus, Roum
Full name
  • Tiberius Claudius Nero (birth tae adoption)
  • Tiberius Julius Caesar (adoption tae accession)
  • Imperator Tiberius Caesar Augustus (as Emperor)
HooseJulio-Claudian Dynasty
FaitherTiberius Claudius Nero
MitherLivia Drusilla

Tiberius (/tˈbɪəriəs/; Laitin: Tiberius Caesar Divi Augusti filius Augustus;[1][2] 16 November 42 BC – 16 Mairch 37 AD) wis Roman Emperor frae 14 AD tae 37 AD. Born Tiberius Claudius Nero, a Claudian, Tiberius wis the son o Tiberius Claudius Nero an Livia Drusilla. His mither divorced Nero an married Augustus in 39 BC, makin him a step-son o Octavian.

Tiberius wad later mairy Augustus' dauchter (frae his mairiage tae Scribonia), Julia the Elder, an even later be adoptit bi Augustus, bi that act he offeecially becam a Julian, bearin the name Tiberius Julius Caesar. The subsequent emperors efter Tiberius wad conteena this blendit dynasty o baith faimilies for the follaein thirty years; historians hae named it the Julio-Claudian dynasty. In relations tae the ither emperors o this dynasty, Tiberius wis the stepson o Augustus, grand-uncle o Caligula, paternal uncle o Claudius, an great-grand uncle o Nero. His 22-an-a-hauf-year ring wad be the langest efter Augustus's till Antoninus Pius, wha surpassed his ring bi a few months in 161.

Tiberius wis ane o the greatest Roman generals; his conquest o Pannonia, Dalmatia, Raetia, an temporarily, pairts o Germania, laid the foondations for the northren frontier. But he cam tae be rememmered as a daurk, reclusive, an sombre ruler that niver really desired tae be emperor; Pliny the Elder cried him tristissimus hominum, "the gloomiest o men."[3]

Efter the daith o Tiberius’ son Drusus Julius Caesar in 23 AD, he becam mair reclusive an abeich. In 26 AD Tiberius remuived himsel frae Roum an left admeenistration lairgely in the haunds o his unscrupulous Praetorian prefects Lucius Aelius Sejanus an Quintus Naevius Sutorius Macro.

Caligula, Tiberius' grand-neffae an adoptit grandson, succeedit Tiberius upon his daith.[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. In Clessical Laitin, Tiberius' name would be inscribed as TIBERIVS CAESAR DIVI AVGVSTVS F AVGVSTVS.
  2. Tiberius' regal name haes an equivalent Scots meanin o "Tiberius Caesar, Son o the Divine Augustus, the Emperor".
  3. Pliny the Elder, Natural Histories XXVIII.5.23; Capes, p. 71
  4. "Tiberius". 2006. Retrieved 17 Februar 2011.