Tianshui

Frae Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Tianshui
天水
Prefectur-level ceety
天水市
Tianshui train station in winter 2009
Tianshui train station in winter 2009
Location o Tianshui Ceety jurisdiction in Gansu
Location o Tianshui Ceety jurisdiction in Gansu
Coordinates: 34°35′N 105°44′E / 34.583°N 105.733°E / 34.583; 105.733
Kintra Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
Province Gansu
Municipal seat Qinzhou Destrict
Aurie
 • Total 14,300 km2 (5,500 sq mi)
Elevation 1,171 m (3,842 ft)
Population (2010)[1]
 • Tot 3,262,548
 • Density 230/km2 (590/sq mi)
Time zone Cheenae Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 741000
Aurie code(s) 0938
Licence plate prefixes E
Wabsteid tianshui.gov.cn

Tianshui (Cheenese: 天水; pinyin: Tiānshuǐ; leeterally: "sky an watter") is the seicont lairgest ceety in Gansu province, Fowkrepublic o Cheenae. Its population is approximately 3,500,000.

Tianshui lies alang the route o the auncient Northren Silk Road at the Wei River, through which much o Sino-Wastren trade occurred.[2] Nearbi are the Maijishan Grottoes filled wi thoosands o Buddhist sculptures, representit bi figurs as Sakyamuni an Avalokitesvara, produced in as early as the Wei Dynasty an as late as the Song Dynasty bi Buddhist monks who first came here via the North Silk Road an, later on, bi local Buddhists, for worship purposes.[3]

The Qin state, later tae acome the foondin dynasty o the Cheenese empire, grew oot frae this aurie, an the Qin name itself is believed tae hae originatit, in pairt, frae thare[4] Qin tombs hae been excavatit frae Fangmatan near Tianshui, includin ane 2200 year auld cairt o Guixian Coonty.[5]

Tianshui is a diocese o the Roman Catholic kirk, currently vacant.[6]

Subdiveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Map
Tianshui mcp.png
# Name Hanzi Hanyu Pinyin Population
(2004 est.)
Aurie (km²) Density
(/km²)
1 Qinzhou Destrict 秦州区 Qínzhōu Qū 650,000 2,442 266
2 Maiji Destrict 麦积区 Màijī Qū 580,000 3,452 188
3 Qingshui Coonty 清水县 Qīngshuǐ Xiàn 310,000 2,003 155
4 Qin'an Coonty 秦安县 Qín'ān Xiàn 600,000 1,601 375
5 Gangu Coonty 甘谷县 Gāngǔ Xiàn 600,000 1,572 382
6 Wushan Coonty 武山县 Wǔshān Xiàn 440,000 2,011 219
7 Zhangjiachuan Hui Autonomous Coonty 张家川回族自治县 Zhāngjiāchuān
Huízú Zìzhìxiàn
320,000 1,311 244

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Tianshui haes a monsoon-influenced, cuil semi-arid climate (Köppen BSk), wi fower distinct saisons o comparatively equal length. Winters are cauld but dry, wi Januar 24-oor average temperatur o −2.0 °C (28.4 °F), while simmers are wairm an somewhat humid, wi Julie 24-oor average temperatur o 22.8 °C (73.0 °F). Much o the annual rainfaw occurs frae Juin tae September, an the annual mean temperatur is 11.00 °C (51.8 °F).

Climate data for Tianshui (1971−2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average heich °C (°F) 3.5
(38.3)
6.7
(44.1)
12.2
(54)
19.4
(66.9)
23.7
(74.7)
27.1
(80.8)
28.8
(83.8)
27.9
(82.2)
22.3
(72.1)
16.6
(61.9)
10.5
(50.9)
4.9
(40.8)
17.0
(62.5)
Average law °C (°F) −5.9
(21.4)
−3
(27)
1.6
(34.9)
7.0
(44.6)
11.3
(52.3)
15.0
(59)
17.8
(64)
17.1
(62.8)
12.7
(54.9)
7.0
(44.6)
0.7
(33.3)
−4.6
(23.7)
6.4
(43.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 5.1
(0.201)
6.0
(0.236)
18.7
(0.736)
38.0
(1.496)
54.5
(2.146)
68.9
(2.713)
84.6
(3.331)
78.8
(3.102)
74.3
(2.925)
47.1
(1.854)
12.1
(0.476)
3.6
(0.142)
491.7
(19.358)
Average precipitation days (≥ 0.1 mm) 5.0 5.2 7.9 8.9 10.5 11.2 11.8 10.7 11.2 10.6 5.4 3.0 101.4
Average relative humidity (%) 62 60 61 59 62 66 70 71 76 77 71 65 66.7
Mean monthly sunshine oors 144.3 128.4 142.2 182.0 201.7 190.0 195.7 193.4 125.4 123.7 133.4 151.0 1,911.2
Percent possible sunshine 46 42 39 47 47 44 45 47 34 35 43 50 43.3
Soorce: Cheenae Meteorological Admeenistration

Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ane sister ceety o Tianshui is:

Fitnotes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Main data bulletin of the sixth national census in 2010, 2011-05-09(in Cheenese)
  2. Silk Road, North China, C. Michael Hogan, The Megalithic Portal, ed. Andy Burnham
  3. "Artistic treasures of Maiji Mountain caves" by Alok Shrotriya and Zhou Xue-ying. [1]
  4. Peoples Daily online, Chinese surname history: Qin.
  5. Over 2,200-Year-old Map Discovered in NW China.
  6. Diocese of Tsinchow [Tianshui]

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]