Third Punic War

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Third Punic War
Pairt o the Punic Wars
Carthage location 2.png
The location o the ceety o Carthage
Date149–146 BC
(3 years)
LocationTunisia
Result Decisive Roman victory
Destruction o Carthage an faw o the Carthaginian Empire
Roum gains control o Wastren Mediterranean Sea
Belligerents
Spqrstone.jpg Roman Republic Carthage standard.svg Carthage
Commanders an leaders
Scipio Aemilianus
Manius Manilius
Lucius Marcius Censorius
Calpurnius Piso
Hasdrubal the Boeotarch
Himilco Phameas
Bythias
Diogenes
Strenth
80,000 men[1]
Casualties an losses
150,000[2]–250,000[3] killed,
50,000 survivors enslaved[4]

The Third Punic War (Laitin: Tertium Bellum Punicum) (149–146 BC) wis the third an last o the Punic Wars focht atween the umwhile Phoenician colony o Carthage an the Roman Republic. The Punic Wars war named acause o the Roman name for Carthaginians: Punici, or Poenici.[5]

This war wis a much smawer engagement nor the twa previous Punic Wars an focused on Tunisie, mainly on the Siege o Carthage, which resultit in the complete destruction o the ceety, the annexation o aw remainin Carthaginian territory bi Roum, an the daith or enslavement o the entire Carthaginian population. The Third Punic War endit Carthage's independent exeestence.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Scullard, pages 310 and 316
  2. Dutton, Donald G. (2007). The Psychology of Genocide, Massacres, and Extreme Violence: Why "normal" People Come to Commit Atrocities. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 14. ISBN 9780275990008. 
  3. Friedman, Mark (2013). Genocide (Hot Topics). Raintree. p. 58. ISBN 9781406235081. 
  4. Scullard, Howard Hayes: A History of the Roman World, 753 to 146 BC. Routledge, 2002, page 316. ISBN 0-415-30504-7
  5. Sidwell, Keith C.; Jones, Peter V. (1997). The world of Rome: an introduction to Roman culture. Cambridge University Press. p. 16. ISBN 0-521-38600-4.