Third Punic War

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Third Punic War
Pairt o the Punic Wars
Carthage location 2.png
The location o the ceety o Carthage
Date149–146 BC
(3 years)
Result Decisive Roman victory
Destruction o Carthage an faw o the Carthaginian Empire
Roum gains control o Wastren Mediterranean Sea
Spqrstone.jpg Roman Republic Carthage standard.svg Carthage
Commanders an leaders
Scipio Aemilianus
Manius Manilius
Lucius Marcius Censorius
Calpurnius Piso
Hasdrubal the Boeotarch
Himilco Phameas
80,000 men[1]
Casualties an losses
150,000[2]–250,000[3] killed,
50,000 survivors enslaved[4]

The Third Punic War (Laitin: Tertium Bellum Punicum) (149–146 BC) wis the third an last o the Punic Wars focht atween the umwhile Phoenician colony o Carthage an the Roman Republic. The Punic Wars war named acause o the Roman name for Carthaginians: Punici, or Poenici.[5]

This war wis a much smawer engagement nor the twa previous Punic Wars an focused on Tunisie, mainly on the Siege o Carthage, which resultit in the complete destruction o the ceety, the annexation o aw remainin Carthaginian territory bi Roum, an the daith or enslavement o the entire Carthaginian population. The Third Punic War endit Carthage's independent exeestence.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Scullard, pages 310 and 316
  2. Dutton, Donald G. (2007). The Psychology of Genocide, Massacres, and Extreme Violence: Why "normal" People Come to Commit Atrocities. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 14. ISBN 9780275990008.
  3. Friedman, Mark (2013). Genocide (Hot Topics). Raintree. p. 58. ISBN 9781406235081.
  4. Scullard, Howard Hayes: A History of the Roman World, 753 to 146 BC. Routledge, 2002, page 316. ISBN 0-415-30504-7
  5. Sidwell, Keith C.; Jones, Peter V. (1997). The world of Rome: an introduction to Roman culture. Cambridge University Press. p. 16. ISBN 0-521-38600-4.