Tetanus

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Tetanus
Opisthotonus in a patient suffering from tetanus - Painting by Sir Charles Bell - 1809.jpg
Muscle spasms (speceefically opisthotonos) in a person wi tetanus. Pentin bi Sir Charles Bell, 1809.
Specialty Infectious disease
Symptoms Muscle spasms, fiver, headache[1]
Uisual onset 3–21 days following exposure[1]
Duration Months[1]
Causes Clostridium tetani[1]
Risk factors Brak in the skin[2]
Diagnostic method Based on symptoms[1]
Prevention Tetanus vaccine[1]
Treatment Tetanus immune globulin, muscle relaxants, mechanical ventilation[1][3]
Frequency 209,000 (2015)[4]
Daiths 56,700 (2015)[5]

Tetanus, an aa kent as jaw-lock, is an infection chairacterised bi muscle spasms. In the maist common type, the spasms begin in the jaw an then progress tae the rest o the bouk. Thir spasms uisually last a few minutes each time an occur frequently for three tae fower weeks.[1] Spasms mey be sae severe that bane fracturs mey occur.[6] Ither symptoms mey include fiver, sweitin, heidache, tribble swallaein, heich bluid pressur, an a fest hert rate.[1][6] Onset o seemptoms is teepically three tae twinty-ane days follaein infection. It mey tak months tae recover. Aboot 10% o thae infectit dee.[1]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 1.5 1.6 1.7 1.8 1.9 Atkinson, William (Mey 2012). Tetanus Epidemiology and Prevention of Vaccine-Preventable Diseases (12 ed.). Public Health Foundation. pp. 291–300. ISBN 9780983263135. Retrieved 12 Februar 2015. 
  2. "Tetanus Causes and Transmission". www.cdc.gov. Januar 9, 2013. Retrieved 12 Februar 2015. 
  3. "Tetanus For Clinicians". cdc.gov. Januar 9, 2013. Retrieved 12 Februar 2015. 
  4. GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.". Lancet (London, England). 388 (10053): 1545–1602. PMID 27733282. 
  5. GBD 2015 Mortality and Causes of Death, Collaborators. (8 October 2016). "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015.". Lancet (London, England). 388 (10053): 1459–1544. PMID 27733281. 
  6. 6.0 6.1 "Tetanus Symptoms and Complications". cdc.gov. Januar 9, 2013. Retrieved 12 Februar 2015.