Taurus (constellation)

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Abbreviation Tau[1][2]
Genitive Tauri[1]
Seembolism the Bull[1]
Richt ascension 4.9[4] h
Declination 19[4]°
Quadrant NQ1
Aurie 797 sq. deg. (17t)
Main starns 19
Starns wi planets 7 candidates[lower-alpha 1]
Starns brichter than 3.00m 4
Starns within 10.00 pc (32.62 ly) 1[lower-alpha 2]
Brichtest starn Aldebaran (α Tau) (0.85m)
Nearest starn Gliese 176
(30.72 ly, 9.42 pc)
Messier objects 2
Meteor showers
Veesible at latitudes atween +90° an −65°.
Best veesible at 21:00 (9 p.m.) durin the month o Januar.

Taurus is ane o the constellations o the zodiac, which means it is crossed bi the plane o the ecliptic. Its name is a Laitin wird meanin "bull", an its astrological seembol is a stylized bull's heid: Taurus.svg (Unicode ♉). Taurus is a lairge an prominent constellation in the northren hemisphere's winter sky. It is ane o the auldest constellations, datin back tae at least the Early Bronze Age when it marked the location o the Sun durin the ware equinox. Taurus came tae seembolize the bull in the meethologies o Auncient Babylon, Egyp an Greece.

Thare are a nummer o featurs o interest tae astronomers. Taurus hosts twa o the nearest open clusters tae Yird, the Pleiades an the Hyades, baith o which are veesible tae the naked ee. At first magnitude, the reid giant Aldebaran is the brichtest starn in the constellation. In the northwast pairt o Taurus is the supernova remnant Messier 1, mair commonly kent as the Crab Nebula. Ane o the closest regions o active starn formation, the Taurus-Auriga complex, crosses intae the northren pairt o the constellation. The variable starn T Tauri is the prototype o a class o pre-main-sequence starns.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Starns wi candidate extrasolar planets: Epsilon Tauri, Gliese 176, HD 24040, HD 37124, 2M J044144, LkCa 15, an HD 28678.
  2. This is Gliese 176.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 "The constellations". IAU. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  2. Russell, Henry Norris (1922). "The new international symbols for the constellations". Popular Astronomy. 30: 469. Bibcode:1922PA.....30..469R. 
  3. "Taurus". Merriam-Webster Online. Retrieved 2010-02-09. 
  4. 4.0 4.1 Schaefer, Bradley E. (2002). "The latitude and epoch for the formation of the southern Greek constellations". Journal for the History of Astronomy. 33 (113): 313–350. Bibcode:2002JHA....33..313S.  Unkent parameter |month= ignored (help)

Coordinates: Sky map 04h 00m 00s, +15° 00′ 00″