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Flag of the Myanmar Armed Forces.svg
Service branches Myanmar Airmy
 Myanmar Navy
 Myanmar Air Force
Myanmar Police Force coat of arms.png Myanmar Police Force
Commander-in-ChiefSenior General Min Aung Hlaing
Minister of DefenceLieutenant General Sein Win [1]
Deputy Commander-in-ChiefVice-Senior General Soe Win
Militar age16 to 49 years of age
Available for
militar service
14,747,845 males, age 15–49 (2010 est.),
14,710,871 females, age 15–49 (2010 est.)
Fit for
militar service
10,451,515 males, age 15–49 (2010 est.),
11,181,537 females, age 15–49 (2010 est.)
Reachin militar
age annually
522,478 males (2010 est.),
506,388 females (2010 est.)
Active personnel406,000 (ranked 9th)
Reserve personnel72,000 (Paramilitary)
Budget$2.4 billion[2] (2014)
Percent o GDP4% (2014)
Domestic suppliersKa pa sa Industries (Myanmar Defence Industries)
Foreign suppliers
Pairliamentary Seats
Seats in the Amyotha Hluttaw
56 / 224
Seats in the Pyithu Hluttaw
110 / 440

The Tatmadaw (Burmese: တပ်မတော်; MLCTS: tap ma. taw, IPA: [taʔmədɔ̀]), is the offeecial name of the airmed forces of Myanmar (Burma). It is admeenistered by the Meenistry of Defence and composed of the Airmy, the Navy and the Air Force. Auxiliary services include the Myanmar Police Force, the People's Meelitia Units and until 2013 the Frontier Forces, locally known as Na Sa Kha.[3]

Currently, there is nae meelitary draft. Thus, all service personnel are theoretically volunteers, but the People's Militia Law allows for conscription if the President considers it necessary for Myanmar's defence that the provisions of the law be activated. In practice, it has been claimed that the Tatmadaw conscripts adults and children[4] and uses civilians as forced labour and even human mine-sweepers.[5] The Tatmadaw has been engaged in a bitter battle with ethnic insurgents and the narco-airmies[6] since the country gained its independence from the United Kingdom in 1948. However, in a 2014 survey conducted by the Internaitional Republican Institute across all Myanmar demographics shows meelitary is the most favourable institution with 84% of respondents saying either "very favorable" or "favorable" ahead of other institutions such as media, government and Burmese opposition.[7]

The meelitary proposed a defence budget of K 2.36 trillion (USD 2.39 billion) for 2014-15 and was approved by the Parliament.[8] The incumbent Meenister for Defence Wai Lwin revealed at a Parliament section on 28 October 2014 that 46.2 percent of the budget is spent on personnel cost, 32.89 percent on operation & procurement, 14.49 percent on construction related projects and 2.76 percent on health and education.[9]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. https://archive.is/20121220002007/http://www.president-office.gov.mm/en/briefing-room/orders/2012/09/07/id-637. Archived frae the oreeginal on 20 December 2012. Retrieved 25 October 2012. Unknown parameter |dead-url= ignored (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  2. "Myanmar declares USD2.4 billion defence budget for 2014". Archived frae the oreeginal on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 29 November 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)
  3. "Myanmar: Scrap Plan tae Airm Civilians in Rakhine State". ReliefWeb (in English). 6 November 2016. Retrieved 7 November 2016.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  4. Bell, Thomas (30 October 2007). "Burmese army 'abducts thousands of children'". The Daily Telegraph. London.
  5. [1]
  6. The New Internationalist Team. "Heroin's Hidden Deals -- New Internationalist". Retrieved 29 November 2014.
  7. "Survey of Burma Public Opinion: December 24, 2013 - February 1, 2014" (PDF). International Republican Institute. 1 February 2014. p. 18. Retrieved 17 February 2015.
  8. Myanmar declares USD2.4 billion defence budget for 2014 https://web.archive.org/web/20141028154639/http://www.janes.com/article/32436/myanmar-declares-usd2-4-billion-defence-budget-for-2014. Archived frae the oreeginal on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 27 October 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  9. Myanmar Defece Budget Breakdown https://web.archive.org/web/20141028185816/http://www.mizzimaburmese.com/2013-10-20-16-16-07/2013-11-01-01-48-27/item/31153-2014-10-28-03-38-37. Archived frae the oreeginal on 28 October 2014. Retrieved 28 October 2014. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)