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The Tanzimât (Ottoman Turkish: تنظيمات), leeterally meanin reorganization o the Ottoman Empire, wis a period o reformation that began in 1839 an ended wi the First Constitutional Era in 1876.[1] The Tanzimât reform era wis chairacterised bi various attempts tae modrenize the Ottoman Empire an tae secure its territorial integrity against naitionalist muivements frae within an aggressive pouers frae ootside o the state. The reforms encooraged Ottomanism amang the diverse ethnic groups o the Empire, attemptin tae stem the tide o naitionalist muivements within the Ottoman Empire.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Cleveland, William L & Martin Bunton, A History of the Modern Middle East: 4th Edition, Westview Press: 2009, p. 82.