The Tanzimât (Ottoman Turkish: تنظيمات), leeterally meanin reorganization o the Ottoman Empire, wis a period o reformation that began in 1839 an ended wi the First Constitutional Era in 1876. The Tanzimât reform era wis chairacterised bi various attempts tae modrenize the Ottoman Empire an tae secure its territorial integrity against naitionalist muivements frae within an aggressive pouers frae ootside o the state. The reforms encooraged Ottomanism amang the diverse ethnic groups o the Empire, attemptin tae stem the tide o naitionalist muivements within the Ottoman Empire.
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- Cleveland, William L & Martin Bunton, A History of the Modern Middle East: 4th Edition, Westview Press: 2009, p. 82.