Tamil Nadu

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Tamil Nadu

Truth alone Triumphs
Anthem: Invocation to Tamil Mother
Location o Tamil Nadu in Indie
Location o Tamil Nadu in Indie
Map o Tamil Nadu
Map o Tamil Nadu
Coordinates: 13°05′N 80°16′E / 13.09°N 80.27°E / 13.09; 80.27
Kintra Indie
Establisht26 Januar 1950
Lairgest ceetyChennai
 • GovrenorKonijeti Rosaiah
 • Chief MeenisterJayalalitha (AIADMK)
 • LegislaturUnicameral (234 seats)
 • Chief JuisticeRajesh Kumar Agarwal
 • Total130058 km2 (50,216 sq mi)
Area rank11t
 • Total72,138,999
 • Rank7t
 • Density550/km2 (1,400/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+05:30 (IST)
ISO 3166 codeIN-TN
HDIIncrease 0.666 (High)[2]
HDI rank6t (2011)[3]
Leeteracy80.3 per cent (2011 census)
Offeecial leidTamil
^† Establisht in 1773; Madras State wis formit in 1950 an renamit as Tamil Nadu on 14 Januar 1969[4]

Tamil Nadu (/ˈtæmɪl ˈnɑːd/ TAM-il-NAH-doo; Aboot this soondTamil pronunciation ; Tamil: தமிழ்நாடு; literally "Tamil Kintra") is ane o the 28 states o Indie. Its caipital is Chennai (umwhile kent as Madras), the lairgest ceety. Tamil Nadu is a laund maist kent for its monumental auncient Hindu temples an clessical form o dance Bharata Natyam.[6]

Tamil Nadu is the eleivent lairgest state in Indie bi aurie an the seivent maist populous state in Indie. It is the seicont lairgest state economy in Indie as o 2012.[7] The state rankit 6t amang states in Indie accordin tae the Human Development Index as o 2011.[3] [8] The state haes the heichest nummer (10.56 per cent) o business enterprises an staunds seicont in total employment (9.97 per cent) in Indie,[9] compared tae the population share o aboot 6 per cent. In the 2013 Raghuram Rajan panel report, Tamil Nadu wis rankit as the third maist developit state in Indie based on a "Multidimensional Development Index".[10]

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Census of India 2002.
  2. "India government economic survey" (PDF). Retrieved 28 December 2012.
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Inequality adjusted Human Development Index for India's States 2011, United Nations Development Program" (PDF).
  4. Tamil Nadu Legislative Assembly history 2012.
  5. 5.0 5.1 MOPSI 2004.
  6. 21st Century India: View and Vision. p. 320.
  7. GSDP at constant prices 2012.
  8. The Hindu & 18 May 2008.
  9. Enterprise of India 2012.
  10. "Rajan report: Odisha, Bihar least developed; Goa, Kerala on top".

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