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Pairteecipant in Afghan Ceevil War; War in Afghanistan
Flag of the Taliban
A flag uised bi the Taliban frae 1997 tae 2001
Active1994–1996 (militia)
1996–2001 (govrenment)
2004–present (insurgency)
Islamic fundamentalism
Strict Sharia law
Pashtun naitionalism
LeadersMullah Mohammed Omar (foonder an spiritual leader)[1]
Aurie o operationsAfghanistan an northwast Pakistan
Size45,000 (2001 est.)[2]
11,000 (2008 est.)[3]
36,000 (2010 est.)[4]
Oreeginatit asStudents o Jamiat Ulema-e-Islam
AlliesHaqqani netwirk
Hezb-e-Islami Gulbuddin
Islamic Emirate of Waziristan
Tehrik-i-Taliban Pakistan
Islamic Movement o Uzbekistan
East Turkestan Islamic Movement
Caucasian Front[6]
OpponentsAfghanistan Islamic Republic o Afghanistan
Internaitional Security Assistance Force
Iran Islamic Republic o Iran

The Taliban (Pashto: طالبانṭālibān "students"), alternative spellin Taleban,[7] is an Islamic fundamentalist poleetical movement in Afghanistan. It spread frae Pakistan intae Afghanistan an furmed a govrenment, rulin as the Islamic Emirate o Afghanistan frae September 1996 till December 2001, wi Kandahar as the caipital. Houiver, it gained diplomatic recognition frae anly three states: Pakistan, Saudi Arabie, an the Unitit Arab Emirates. Mohammed Omar haes been servin as the spiritual leader o the Taliban syne 1994.[8]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Pakistan: A Plethora of Problems" (PDF). Global Security Studies, Winter 2012, Volume 3, Issue 1, by Colin Price, School of Graduate and Continuing Studies in Diplomacy. Norwich University, Northfield, VT. Retrieved 2012-12-22.
  2. "Taliban and the Northern Alliance". US Gov Info. About.com. Retrieved 2009-11-26.
  3. 9/11 seven years later: US 'safe,' South Asia in turmoil "There are now some 62,000 foreign soldiers in Afghanistan, including 34,000 US troops, and some 150,000 Afghan security forces. They face an estimated 7,000 to 11,000 insurgents, according to US commanders." Retrieved 2010-08-24.
  4. Hamilton, Fiona; Coates, Sam; Savage, Michael (2010-03-03). "MajorGeneral Richard Barrons puts Taleban fighter numbers at 36000". The Times. London.
  5. "Pakistan militants preparing for Afghanistan civil war". Fox News. Retrieved 2013-09-29.
  6. Giustozzi, Antonio (2009). Decoding the new Taliban: insights from the Afghan field. Columbia University Press. p. 274. ISBN 978-0-231-70112-9.
  7. "Analysis: Who are the Taleban?". BBC News. 2000-12-20.
  8. "From the article on the Taliban in Oxford Islamic Studies Online". Oxford Islamic Studies. Retrieved 2010-08-27.