TNT

Frae Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
TNT
Trinitrotoluene.svg
TNT-from-xtal-1982-3D-balls.png
solit trinitrotoluene
Names
Preferred IUPAC name
2-Methyl-1,3,5-trinitrobenzene
Ither names
2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene
TNT
Trilite
Tolite
Trinol
Trotyl
Tritolo
Tritolol
Triton
Tritone
Trotol
Trinitrotoluol
2,4,6-Trinitromethylbenzene
Identifiers
3D model (JSmol)
Abbreviations TNT
ChEMBL
ChemSpider
DrugBank
ECHA InfoCard 100.003.900
EC Nummer 204-289-6
KEGG
RTECS nummer XU0175000
UNII
UN nummer 0209Dry or wettit wi < 30% water
0388, 0389Mixturs wi trinitrobenzene, hexanitrostilbene
Properties
C7H5N3O6
Molar mass 227.13 g·mol−1
Appearance Pale yellow solid. Loose "needles", flakes or prills before melt-casting. A solid block after being poured into a casing.
Density 1.654 g/cm3
Meltin pynt 80.35 °C (176.63 °F; 353.50 K)
Bylin pynt 240.0 °C (464.0 °F; 513.1 K) (decompones)[1]
0.13 g/L (20 °C)
Solubility in ether, acetone, benzene, pyridine soluble
Vapour pressur 0.0002 mmHg (20°C)[2]
Explosive data
Shock sensitivity Insensitive
Friction sensitivity Insensitive to 353 N
Detonation velocity 6900 m/s
RE factor 1.00
Hazards
Safety data sheet ICSC 0967
EU clessification Explosive E Explosive

Toxic T Toxic

Dangerous for the Environment (Naitur) N Dangerous for the environment

R-phrases R2, R23/24/25, R33, R51/53
S-phrases (S1/2), S35, S45, S61
NFPA 704
Flammability code 4: Will rapidly or completely vaporize at normal atmospheric pressur an temperatur, or is readily dispersed in air an will burn readily. Flash pynt ablo 23 °C (73 °F). E.g., propaneHealth code 2: Intense or continued but nae chronic exposure could cause temporary incapacitation or possible residual injury. E.g., chloroformReactivity code 4: Readily capable o detonation or explosive decomposeetion at normal temperaturs an pressurs. E.g., nitroglycerinSpecial hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
4
2
4
Lethal dose or concentration (LD, LC):
795 mg/kg (ratton, oral)
660 (moose, oral)[3]
500 mg/kg (rabbit, oral)
1850 mg/kg (cat, oral)[3]
US heal exposur leemits (NIOSH):
PEL (Permissible)
TWA 1.5 mg/m3 [skin][2]
REL (Recommendit)
TWA 0.5 mg/m3 [skin][2]
IDLH (Immediate danger)
500 mg/m3[2]
Relatit compoonds
Relatit compoonds
picric acid
hexanitrobenzene
2,4-Dinitrotoluene
Except whaur itherwise notit, data are gien for materials in thair staundart state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
YesY verify (whit is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Trinitrotoluene (TNT), or mair speceefically 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene, is a chemical compoond wi the formula C6H2(NO2)3CH3. This yellae solit is whiles uised as a reagent in chemical synthesis, but it is best kent as an explosive material wi convenient haundlin properties. The explosive yield o TNT is conseedert tae be the staundart meisur o bombs an ither explosives. In chemistry, TNT is uised tae generate chairge transfer sauts.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]