T. S. Eliot

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Nobel prize medal.svg T. S. Eliot
Thomas Stearns Eliot by Lady Ottoline Morrell (1934).jpg
Eliot in 1934
Born Thomas Stearns Eliot
26 September 1888(1888-09-26)
St. Louis, Missouri, Unitit States
Dee'd 4 Januar 1965(1965-01-04) (aged 76)
Kensington, Lunnon, Ingland
Thrift Poet, dramatist, leeterar creetic, an eeditor
Naitionality US
Ceetizenship American bi birth; Breetish frae 1927
Eddication AB in filosofie (Harvard, 1909)
PhD (cand) in filosofie (Harvard, 1915–16)[1]
Alma mater Harvard Varsity
Period 1905–1965
Leeterar muivement Modrenism
Notable warks The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock (1915), The Waste Land (1922), Four Quartets (1944)
Notable awairds Nobel Prize in Leeteratur (1948), Order o Meerit (1948)
Spoose Vivienne Haigh-Wood
(m. 1915; sep. 1932)

Esmé Valerie Fletcher
(m. 1957–1965)


Thomas Stearns Eliot OM (26 September 1888 – 4 Januar 1965) wis an American-born Breetish essayist, publisher, playwricht, leeterar an social creetic an "ane o the twentiet century's major poets".[2] Born in St. Louis, Missouri, in the Unitit States, tae a prominent Boston Brahmin faimily, he muived tae Ingland in 1914 at the age o 25, settlin, wirkin, an mairyin there. He becam a Breetish subject in 1927 at the age o 39, renooncin his American passport.[3]

Eliot attractit widespreid attention for his poem "The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock" (1915), that wis seen as a masterpiece o the Modrenist muivement. It wis follaed bi some o the best-kent poems in the Inglis leid, includin The Waste Land (1922), "The Hollow Men" (1925), "Ash Wednesday" (1930), an Four Quartets (1943).[4] He wis an aw kent for his seiven plays, pairticularly Murder in the Cathedral (1935) an The Cocktail Party (1949). He wis awairdit the Nobel Prize in Leeteratur in 1948, "for his ootstaundin, pioneer contreibution tae present-day poetry".[5][6]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Jewel Spears Brooker, Mastery and Escape: T.S. Eliot and the Dialectic of Modernism, University of Massachusetts Press, 1996, p. 172.
  2. Bush, Ronald. "T.S. Eliot's Life and Career." American National Biography. Ed. John A Garraty and Mark C. Carnes. New York: Oxford University Press, 1999.[1]
  3. Sanna, Ellyn (2003). "Biography of T. S. Eliot". In Bloom, Harold. T.S. Eliot. Bloom's Biocritiques. Broomall: Chelsea House Publishing. pp. (3–44) 30. 
  4. "Thomas Stearns Eliot", Encyclopædia Britannica, accessed 7 November 2009.
  5. "The Nobel Prize in Literature 1948". Nobelprize.org. Nobel Media. Retrieved 26 April 2013. 
  6. "The Nobel Prize in Literature 1948 – T.S. Eliot", Nobelprize.org, taken from Frenz, Horst (ed). Nobel Lectures, Literature 1901–1967. Amsterdam: Elsevier Publishing Company, 1969, accessed 6 March 2012.